1_01_ComputerSystemFundamentals

1_01_ComputerSystemFundamentals - Computer System...

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1 Computer System Fundamentals Pd b Lecture 1.1 © 2008, S. F. Midkiff and L. A. DaSilva Prepared by Scott F. Midkiff, Ph.D. and Luiz A. DaSilva, Ph.D. Electrical and Computer Engineering Virginia Tech Lecture Objectives After successful completion of this lecture, you should be able to: Enumerate the components of a typical computer system and identify their basic functions Cite examples of different types of components of a computer system Describe key standards organizations related to computer system State Moore’s Law
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2 Computer Organization and Architecture ± Understanding computer systems requires knowledge of computer organization and computer architecture ± Computer organization How are “physical” components designed and integrated to provide a computer system? Operations, control logic and signals, storage, etc. ± Computer architecture What is the logical operation of a computer as seen by What is the logical operation of a computer as seen by the (assembly language) programmer? Instruction set, data types, addressing, registers, etc. Computer Components ± The most basic view of a computer Processor: interprets and executes programs Memory: stores both data and program Input/output (I/O): mechanisms to transfer data to and from external components
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3 Computer Components Memory Processor Input Output ± Many “components” may be realized in hardware or software, but with implications for performance and cost Computer Components: Traditional
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1_01_ComputerSystemFundamentals - Computer System...

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