Western Civilization notes - 750 bc foundation of rome Time...

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750 bc foundation of rome Time line Classical antiquity Roman era Late antiquity Early medivial High middle age Renaissance Early modern Modern Classical antiquity Before 750bce Roman era 750bce to 476 ce Late antiquity 200-500 The middle ages 500-1300 Renaissance 1300-1500 Early Modern 1600-1700 Modern 1800-1970ish Post modern Advent and evolution of the middle classes Globalization occurred during the renassiance
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Europeans expanding out of europe Advent of systematic decision making Democracy The beginning was in rome Evolution of systematic collective decision making Reintroduction of collective decision making with the magna carta The middle classes want democracy Processes of change occur over time Stages of development Tion means what happened overtime…process Roman Era-Classical Antiquity Republic ends in 31 bc Mediterranean colonization 1100-600bc process that occurred in classical antiquity The sea people 1275-1000bc The eastern Mediterranean suffers under the sea people. Origins unknown. Reek havoc. Piracy. Ruptures lines of communication and trade lines. Destroy infrastructure of Mediterranean. Egyptian record them. We don’t know why they left and where they went. They leave behind a power vacuum. Decline of very powerful empire. The Hittites went into their final decline due to this. Egypt also faces decline. No one dominate empire. The Phoenicians move into the power vacuum. When the sea people left, there was nothing stopping them to go in, they are expanding their markets through their colonization, they also were seeking metal (Niemeyer), demand for metal in the east Carthage is one of the most important of their markets. Locations. Every ship that passes Carthage is made to paid dues and taxes. Large revenue base, rises as power, can control trade. Carthage is the contender of power against Rome. Rome rises and defeats Carthage to get the power. The rise of the neo Assyrians. They come into the Phoenicians, cut a deal, they before a subordinate state to the empire, become the carriers of trade. When they get into Asia minor, the defeat them. Resulted into the relocation of the Etruscans and go into Italy. The dominate the early development of Rome due to their technical building skills. Rome learned arch skills with Etruscans. Greeks. They need food resources. Maritime city states because they need more food. When the sea people retreat they go to the Aegean Sea. The bread basket is where there’s a lot of grain grow; the Aegean Sea is the bread basket. There is a flow of grains from the black sea, so they can control it and the Egyptians food supply. Control the production and the selling. This elevates Greeks power during classical antiquity.
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Neo-assyrians 883-859bc Phoenicians Carthage Etruscans Greek --------------------------------------------------------------------------- Rome 750-510 BC era of the kings Evolution of roman society Formation of socio-political framework -the social construct is also the political construct -Phoenicians, Greek, and Etruscan influence -trading settlement at Ostia Development of social-political order social stratification: kin groups and clan patricians (upper society), equites, plebeians(lower) (Watson). Formation of sovereign authority: monarchy base social unit: kin
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