Requirement-Elicitation - Elicitation Basics and Planning...

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Elicitation Basics and Planning Concepts
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Elicitation Basics Requirement elicitation is…
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Elicitation Basics Requirement elicitation is not…
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Elicitation Basics Eliciting vs Gathering
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Introduction to Requirement Elicitation
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Brainstorming Brainstorming
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Brainstorming: What is it? Generate ideas Solve problems Create consensus
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Brainstorming: Types Individual Project team member creates a list of ideas Open Participants call out ideas that are captured by scribe Structured Participants write down their ideas Facilitator goes participant to participant to have them share on idea each Continue sharing process until all ideas are exhausted
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Brainstorming: Pros and Cons Advantages Disadvantages Generates multiple ideas quickly Ideas are not discussed/explored Involves multiple perspectives True meaning may be ambiguous or misunderstood Promotes equal participation
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Brainstorming: Best Practices Determine type of brainstorming meeting ahead of time Publish an agenda prior to the brainstorming session Clearly state the objective of the meeting Create environment to encourage participation Establish ground rules Do not discuss ideas during the brainstorming session – only questions to clarify Do not dismiss or discount an idea or person Do build on others’ suggestions and ideas Do have fun
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Brainstorming: Best Practices (continued) Establish roles Timekeeper Scribe Facilitator Create process for combining, categorizing, and summarizing like ideas If complex, create multiple meetings to keep meeting fatigue low Schedule follow-up meetings Prioritize final ideas to plan further analysis Allow votes for top ideas
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Requirement Workshops
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Requirement Workshop: What is it? Structured meetings that involve End-users Subject Matter Experts Project Manager Business IT reps Generally is used for projects with multiple business units Works to define, clarify, and complete requirements Starts at broad level and dives into functions and processes as the workshop moves forward
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Requirement Workshop: Types Formal Requirements Workshops Highly structured and formal Carefully selected group of stakeholders Define, create, refine, and reach closure on business requirements Business Process Improvement Workshops Semi-formal Analyzes existing business processes Identify and agree upon solutions implement process improvements Agile Requirement Workshops Generally more unstructured and informal Used generally to document the scope of the requirements
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Requirement Workshop: Pros and Cons Advantages Disadvantages Effective at getting real requirements instead of perceived requirements Difficult to get appropriate stakeholders in one room at same time Greater chance of obtaining consensus
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