2. APPLIED PHILOSOPHY NOTES - AppliedPhilosophy(GS...

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AppliedPhilosophy(GS F312)/dr.AnoopGeorge/BitsPilaniGoa 1 APPLIED PHILOSOPHY ( GS F312) Ethical, Logical, Epistemological and Metaphysical perspective Suppose that all your life you have been trying to be a good person, doing your duty as you see it and seeking to do what is for the good of your fellowmen. Suppose also, that many of your fellowmen dislike you and what you are doing, and even regard you as a danger to society, although they cannot really show this to be true. Suppose further, that you are indicted, tried, and condemned to death by a jury of your peers, all in a manner which you correctly consider to be quite unjust. Suppose, finally, that while you are in prison awaiting execution, your friends arrange an opportunity for you to escape and to go into exile with your family. They argue that they can afford the necessary bribes and will not endangered by your escaping; that if you escape you will enjoy a longer life; that your wife and children will be better off; that your friends will still be able to see you; and that people generally will think that you should escape. Should you take the opportunity? What is Ethics? Origin: From the Greek adjective ‘ ethica ’, which again comes from the noun ethos which means customs, usages or habits. Ethics is also called moral philosophy. The word ‘moral’ is derived from the Latin ‘ mores ’ which also means customs or habits. The field of ethics, or morality studies the proper standards and principles of human conduct. It considers various answers to the question “How should I live”? Consider these questions… Do I often pick up quarrels? How can I talk to my mother so that she will listen? How can I help this company keep employee loyalty after all the layoffs? How, basically, should I lead my life? What is the most important thing for me to consider when I make decisions? The focus here is on the details of our lives or on the broad task of how people ought to behave. Ethics usually means determining what it is most important for us to do. Specifying the conduct most befitting us as humans. How do Ethics differ from other courses? Most subjects study in a systematic way laying down rules and regulations and following those rules. But philosophy (applied philosophy or applied ethics) does not have such strong rules to be followed, it is an open enquiry into anything from a critical and reflective perspective. Ethics
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