Psychology Student Notebook - Chapter 5 Learning Chapter...

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Chapter 5: Learning Chapter Five Goals 1. To understand the concepts of classical conditioning 2. To understand classical conditioning in everyday life. 3. To understand the concepts of operant conditioning. 4. To understand the concepts of observational learning. Goal: To understand the concepts of classical conditioning. Brian was really looking forword to lunch. His mother had prepared a tuna salad sandwich. Unfortunately, the mayonnaise she used had been left out too long and was tainted. Not long after eatin, Brian felt extremely nauseated and had to rush to the bathroom. Thereafter, the mere mention of a tuna sandwich would send Brian scurrying to the bathroom with a rolling stomach (You must identify the 4 elements of classical conditioning for credit) What behaviors in this scenario are the ucr, ucs, cr, and cs? 1. UCR: Effective stimulus that unconditionally, automatically, and naturally triggers a response. 2. UCS: Unlearned, naturally occuring automatic response to the unconditioned stimulus. - Brian felt extremely nauseated( Cause Mayonaise was out of date) 3. CR: Learned response to a previously neutral conditioned stimulus. 4. CS: Previously neutral stimulus that, after association with an unconditioned stimmulus, comes to trigger a conditioned response.
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The following scenarios describe some behaviors and their consequences. Operant conditioning is a type of learning where behavior depends on the consequences on one’s behavior. There are four consequences: positive and negative reinforcement and positive and negative punishment. Your task is to identify the consequence for each scenario in the table below. Scenario Name the consequence 5 . A wife brings home flowers to her husband because of the special dinner he had cooked for her Positive reinforcement 6. A student has a terrible head-ache after an intense preparation period for a test. He takes two aspirin to make it go away. Negative reinforcement 7 . As a spoiled child is being driven by a fast-food restaurant, she begins screaming that she must have French fries or she won’t survive. The parents surrender and drive in for a large supply just so they don’t have to hear her complain. Positive punishment 8 . A child is sent to his room with no supper after presenting a bad report card. Negative punishment Explain each of the below terms regarding classical conditioning. Classical Conditioning Terms Term Description 9. Extinction Extinction is observed in both operantly conditioned and classically conditioned behavior. When operant behavior that has been previously reinforced no longer produces reinforcing consequences the behavior gradually stops occurring.
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