Chapter 10 (1-14) - Chapter 10 Health and Stress Chapter...

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Chapter 10: Health and Stress Chapter Ten Goals 1. To understand the sources of stress and stress appraisal. 2. To understand the health-stress connection. 3. To understand health and illness. 4. To understand lifestyle and health. 5. To understand stress management and coping with stress. Goal: To understand the nature of stress and stress appraisal. Stressor Primary Appraisal Secondary Appraisal Stress
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1. What is stress? A psychological and physical response of the body that occurs whenever we must adapt to changing conditions, whether those conditions be real or perceived, positive or negative. Although everyone has stress in their lives, people respond to stress in different ways. Some people seem to be severely affected while others seem calm, cool, and collected all the time. Regardless, we all have it. It's also important to note that there are two types of stress, Eustress (good stress) and Distress (not so good stress). **Primary appraisal is the initial appraisal evaluating the event as a threat, loss or a challenge. Secondary appraisal is evaluating who you think is control of the event; you, someone else, or no one is in control. 2. What is the difference between primary and secondary appraisal? Primary appraisal: evaluating the event as a threat, loss or a challenge (something) Secondary appraisal: evaluating whom you think is control of the event; you, someone else, or no one is in control (somebody) 3. What is the life events approach ? The view that a person’s state of well being can be threatened by major life changes. 4. What is the biopsychosocial model of stress ? A perspective that focuses on health as well as illness and holds that both are determined by a combination of biological, psychological, and social factors. 5. Fill out the following table describing the major types of stress. Types of Stress Stressor Description 6. Hassles This is an actual physical and emotional problem that results from excessive on-the- job hassles (oh, can I relate to this). The symptoms of burnout include fatigue and physical exhaustion, depression, mental fatigue, sleeping problems, etc. Although anyone with a job is susceptible to burnout, teachers, police officers, social workers, and doctors are more often subjected to the types of hassles that lead to burnout. 7. Approach-approach Conflict Avoidance-Avoidance Conflict An approach-approach conflict is one of three possible conflicts that accompany decision-making situations. "Approach-approach" conflict describes the situation where a person is trying to make a choice between two desirable options. For example, a student wishes to pursue a graduate degree and has been accepted into two graduate programs and needs to make a decision Irv Lichtman, Psychology Instructor Fall 2016/Spring 2017 2
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about which one to attend. In this situation the student might, in addition to comparing the quality and prestige of the programs, they might also consider the location, climate and other amenities before making a final decision.
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