Chapter 11-May29 - Chapter 11 Personality Theory and...

Info icon This preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Chapter 11: Personality: Theory and Assessment Chapter Eleven Goals 1. To understand the trait perspective of personality. 2. To understand the psychodynamic perspective of personality. 3. To understand the social-cognitive perspective of personality. 4. To understand the humanistic perspective of personality. 5. To understand personality assessment. Goal: To understand the trait perspective of personality. 1. What is a trait ? A Trait is a distinguishing quality or characteristic, typically one belonging to a person. 2. Trait theories describe behavior. Trait theories do not explain how traits are developed. The Big Five Trait theory is the most scientific of all trait theories for the normal personality. This widely examined theory suggests five broad dimensions used by some psychologists to describe the human personality and psyche . [1] [2] The five factors have been defined as openness to experience , conscientiousness , extraversion , agreeableness , and neuroticism , 3. Which traits are associated with higher grades in high school and college? - New research suggests conscientious students are more likely to have higher grade point averages. 4. Which traits are highly correlated with health and mortality over the course of the life span? Each of the Big Five traits, except openness, predicted self-rated health. Change in agreeableness, conscientiousness, and extraversion also predicted self-rated health. Trait levels of conscientiousness and neuroticism level predicted self-reported blood pressure. All trait levels except agreeableness predicted number of work days limited. Only change in conscientiousness predicted the number of work days limited.
Image of page 1

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Goal: To understand the psychodynamic perspective of psychology. 5. Complete the following table describing Freud’s divisions of the mind. Divisions of the Mind Mental Process Description ID: Pleasure Seeker Pleasure principle According to Freud , humans have three main components to their personality that cause us to behave the way we do and make us who we are. One of these components, the id, is the part that you may consider that little devil sitting on your shoulder trying to get you to do all those things that feel good, even if they are wrong. More specifically, the id is the part of the human personality that is made up of all our inborn biological urges that seeks out immediate gratification (guided by the Pleasure Principle), regardless of social values or consequences. The principle in which the id operates on. According to Freud, the id is the part of your personality that wants instant gratification of what you desire. The id is unconcerned with the consequences of acting on these urges as long as it obtains total gratification immediately. It is fair to say that discomfort is not one of the id's strong points and only operates on one principle: pleasure.
Image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern