jazz notes chapter 4 - Jazz Notes Chapter 4 Early jazz...

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Jazz Notes: Chapter 4 Early jazz differs from ragtime, blues, and brass bands roots -Much of each performance was improvised - Rhythmic feeling was looser and more relaxed - Collective improvisation—group improve - Jazz generated a new repertory (songs you already know) of compositions •Early jazz musicians began embellishing the melodies of pop tunes -Improvising was also known as "jassing" or "jazzing" •Combo jazz began in New Orleans (less than 10) band (more than 10) Chicago •Many New Orleans musicians were first recorded in the early 1920's in Chicago *Collective improvisation -Trumpet—often played the melody -Clarinet—decorated the melody played by the trumpet -Trombone—played simper figures which outlined the chord notes and filled in Low-pitched harmony notes Dixieland Jazz •First jazz recorded/to exist •The original Dixieland jazz band -First recorded in 1917:"livery stable blues" •A huge hit that was widely imitated Nick larocca — Leader of Dixieland Jazz Band Jazz Piano Style •Early jazz piano styles evolved from ragtime stride style piano (low note followed by a mid range note) Most early jazz combos included •Trumpet •Clarinet •Trombone •Occasionally Saxophone Rhythm Section •Guitar •Banjo •Tuba •Bass Saxophone •String Brass •Piano •Drums
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Jelly Roll Morton •first important jazz composer •Notable jazz pianist who created memorable melodies
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