FINAL DRAFT IA - IB PSYCHOLOGY STANDARD LEVEL INTERNAL...

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IB PSYCHOLOGY STANDARD LEVEL INTERNAL ASSESSMENT -The Schema Theory- Taylor Morrison Word Count: 1281 Words 1
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Introduction The assessment that will be conducted is the replication of Brewer and Treyens’ experiment. This experiment demonstrated the schema theory, or in other words, schemata in memory performance. This theory has been studied for quite some time by many scientists and psychologists. The schema theory is the process of how our brain organizes the knowledge that is stored in our memory. The knowledge stored can be people, places, things, actions, words--any aspect of the world that is memorized from past experiences, as well as proposing that memories are processes which involve interactions of new information with old. Brewer and Treyens focused on memory and showed that memory performance is, most of the time, influenced by schema. The aim of Brewer and Treyens’ experiment was to investigate whether people’s memory for objects in an area (in this case, an office) is influenced by their existing schema of what objects to expect in an office. This was investigated by testing the participant’s capacity to remember items in a specific place, which would be testing the schema theory. Discussion arose that schema influences information processing, which would make this experiment an accurate one to test that statement. This type of study is derived on cognitive psychology. Participants were asked to sit in an office for approximately thirty seconds, with both typical and untypical office objects in the room. Once those thirty seconds were up, the experimenter would pull the participant out of the office and would give them a list of objects that they did or did not see. The result of this experiment show that the typical objects were more accurately recalled than untypical ones. This result showed that the memory for the scene was strongly influenced by pre-existing schema of offices. This experiment is worth replicating, mostly because it is relevant to investigate if schema processing itself is as consistent and accurate as Brewer and Treyens found it to be in 2
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their experiment. Our aim, similar to Brewer and Treyens, is to examine the use of schema through memory recall. Our schema will be an office schema, same as Brewer and Treyens. First, we will find participants willing to take part in this experiment using an opportunity sample-- random numbers of males and females in our student body will be chosen. If they are willing to do so, they will sign a permission slip and participate in the experiment replication. With the generosity of fellow teachers and staff members of our school-- we will have an office to make this experiment a possibility. In our experiment replication of Brewer and Treyens, it is clear that the independent and dependent variables are very important in order to conduct and organize it.
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