Subject – Verb Agreement Rules - Subject Verb Agreement...

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Subject – Verb Agreement Rules
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Subjects Joined by “and”… When the subject of a sentence is composed of two or more nouns or pronouns connected by and , You almost always should use a plural verb. You can replace the subjects with the pronoun they , and you will always get the right answer. Ex: She and her friends (is, are) at the fair. Answer: They (are) at the fair.
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Exceptions to That Rule… Rarely, but sometimes, two subjects joined by and represent one object. If that is the case, you should use a singular verb. You can replace the subjects with he, she, or it, and the sentence will work. Ex: Ice cream and cake (is, are) my favorite dessert. Answer: It (is) my favorite dessert. since the SC = one dessert, then the subject must be singular.
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Compound Subjects Preceded by Each, Every, Many a, or No… When you have two subjects joined by “and” but preceded by “each” or “every”, “many a”, or “no”, you should use a singular verb. You can replace the subject with “he”, “she”, or “it” and it will work. Ex: Every aunt and uncle (was, were) at the reunion. He (was) at the reunion. Ex: Each lion and tiger (is, are) dangerous. It (is) dangerous.
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Subjects Joined by “or” or “nor”, When a compound subject is joined by “or” or “nor”, the verb should agree with the part of the subject that is nearer the verb. If it is singular, replace with “he”, “she”, or “it.” If it is plural replace with “they.” Ex: The boy or his friends (runs, run) every day. They (run) every day. Ex: His friends or the boy (runs, run) every day. He (runs) every day.
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Sentences Beginning with “There” In sentences beginning with “there is” or “there are”, the verb agrees with the word/words that follows the verb.
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