Chapter 3 - Chapter 3 Designing and Analyzing Jobs Job a...

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Chapter 3 Designing and Analyzing Jobs Job : a group of related activities and duties, held by a single employee or a number of officials Position : the collection of tasks and responsibilities performed by one person Job analysis : the procedures for determining the tasks, duties, and responsibilities of each job, and the human attributes required to perform it Human resource planning Recruitment and selection Compensation Performance management Labour relations Training, development, and career management Restructuring Steps in Job Analysis 1. Relevant organizational information is reviewed 2. Jobs are selected to be analyzed 3. Using one or more job analysis techniques date are collected on job activities 4. The information in step 3 is then verified, and modified, if required 5. Job descriptions and specifications are developed based on the verified information 6. The information is then communicated and updated on an as-needed basis Step 1: Review Relevant Organizational Information Organizational structure : the formal relationship among jobs in an organization Organization chart : depicts the structure in chart form at a particular point in time Three common types of organizational structure 1. Bureaucratic o Top-down management approach o Many levels, and hierarchical communication channels o Highly specialized jobs with narrowly defined job descriptions o Focus on independent performance 2. Flat o Decentralized management approach o Few levels and multidirectional communication o Broadly defined jobs with general job descriptions o Emphasis on teams and product development 3. Matrix o Each job has two components: functional and product o Finance personnel for product B are responsible to both the finance executive and the product B executive Process chart : a diagram showing the flow of inputs to and outputs from the job under study
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Chapter 3 Step 2: Select Jobs to be Analyzed Job design : the process of systematically organizing work into tasks that are required to perform a specific job
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