Chapter 10 - Chapter10 Motivation-;aneedor...

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Chapter 10 Motivation- a need or desire that energizes behavior and directs it toward a goal; a need or desire that energizes and directs behavior Emotions- feelings Nature- bodily push Nurture- pulls from or thought processes and culture 4 motivators Instinct Theory (Evolutionary perspective)- focuses on genetically predisposed behaviors Drive-Reduction Theory- focuses on how we respond to our inner pushes Arousal Theory- focuses on finding the right level of stimulation Hierarchy of Needs- Abraham Maslow; focuses on the priority of some need over others Instinct- a complex behavior that is rigidly patterned throughout a species and its unlearned Drive-Reduction Theory- the idea that a physiological need creates an aroused tension state (a drive) that motivates an organism to satisfy the need Homeostasis- a tendency to maintain a balanced or constant internal state, the regulation of any aspect of body chemistry, such as blood glucose, around a particular level; body equilibrium; steady state Incentives- a positive or negative environmental stimulus that motivates behavior Yerkes-Dodson Law- the principle that performance increases with arousal only up to a point, beyond which performance decreases; moderate arousal would lead to optimal performance Performance peaks at lower levels of arousal for difficult tasks and at higher levels for easy or well-learned tasks Hierarchy of Needs- Maslow’s pyramid of human needs, beginning at the base with physiological needs that must first be satisfied before higher-level safety need and then psychological need become active; Abraham Maslow Self-Actualization- to realize one’s full potential Self-Transcendence- strive for meaning, purpose, and communion that are transpersonal, beyond the self
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Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs Self-Transcendence Needs- Need to find meaning and identity beyond the self Self-Actualization Needs- Need to live u to our fullest and unique potential Esteem Needs- Need for self-esteem, achievement, competence,and independence; need for recognition and respect from others Belongingness and Love Needs- Need to love and be loved, to belong and be accepted; need to avoid loneliness and separation Safety Needs- need to feel that the world is organized and predictable; need to feel safe
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  • Fall '14
  • physiological arousal, Arousal fuels emotion, Esteem needs- Need, Love Needs- Need, Needs- Abraham Maslow, higher-level safety need

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