PS-3 - Appeal of Cherokee Nation 1 Appeal of Cherokee...

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Appeal of Cherokee Nation Appeal of Cherokee Nation Thesis: Many Natives Americans did not agree with being removed from the land of their fathers. What is the historical context for this source? 1. The Revolutionary War and the War of 1812. a. The Native Americans involvement in these wars i. General Jackson destroyed opposing native American settlements after the Americans won the War of 1812 b. The tone towards native Americans were set early due to these wars and Andrew Jacksons involvement gave clues that improving native and U.S. relations was not at the top of his list. 2. What are the central reasons the Cherokees rejected their move beyond the Mississippi River? a. That land was not familiar to them b. The other native nations that resided there would see the others as intruders on their land. i. Their languages would be different 1. This would cause issue with trading and with original intentions. c. The Cherokee were a farming tribe. i. Oklahoma did not have the abundance of water and wood needed to survive with their skills as farming. 3. What is the Cherokees legal argument to stop their removal from their lands? a. Treaty of Holsten i. The Treaty of Holsten was a treaty that George Washington agreed to with the Cherokee Nation because they were considered “civilized” ii. They were allowed to have their land and their laws on their land as long as they produced how the Americans wanted them to produce b. The Cherokee fought using Americas justice system. 1. They hired a lawyer and took it up with the courts 2. Chief Justice John Marshall agreed with the Cherokee and ruled in favor of them. 1
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Appeal of Cherokee Nation c. President Jackson and Van Buren ignored the treaty and the ruling from the Chief Justice i. Jackson was able to get the federal funding needed to remove the Indians from the territory ii. Jackson ruined the relations that Washington tried hard to maintain. 1. Washington once referred to the Cherokee as “my beloved Cherokees” in his “Talk to the Cherokee Nation” in August 1796 4. In what ways did this incident clarify relations between the U.S. government and Native Americans in the 19 th century?
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