Federalist Papers - Federalist Papers 1 James Madisons#51...

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Federalist Papers James Madison’s #51 Introduction Thesis: James Madison’s Federalist #51 defines a republic and establishes the importance of separation and balance of power as well as the benefits of a factionist government which could only be improved upon by the further expansion by the United States. Introduction A. Who wrote the Federalist Papers 1. James Madison, Alexander Hamilton and John Jay B. Why were they written 1 To protect peoples liberties 2. Ensure that the United States can become and successful self-government How does Madison define a republic and why is the separation and balance of powers so essential to preserving it? A. Not one branch can be too powerful 1 Checks and balances a. Each branch checks on itself while also checking on the other branches B. Madison’s view of a republic 1. People will surrender all power to a single government and those powers are protected by separate departments of a division of government. 2. This redundancy helps secure the rights of the people as well as allowing the different governments to control each other while at the same time controlling itself. C. Historical Background 1. The reason for our independence was to break away from a tyrant king and his monarchy 1
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Federalist Papers What does Madison see as the connection between religious and political liberty? A. Historical Background 1 Only one religion in England 2 Only one power (the king) 3 England never allowed someone to choose which religion to worship. They were told which religion they had to worship. 4 The people of England didn’t get to vote for political power. B. Religious Freedom and Political Freedom 1 Madison believed that the people have the right to worship whichever religion they pleased and believed that religious freedom and political freedom should be protected in the constitution 3. James Madison also believed in a separation of church and state.
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