outline - SmarlinTavarez IntrotoPhilosophy April26,2017...

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Smarlin Tavarez Intro to Philosophy April 26, 2017 OUTLINE Chapter 10 ( Philosophy and Human Nature )  Introduction - Human nature function as the groundwork on which social, political, and educational  policies are fashioned.  - Human beings are seen as reactive, as goaded by inner drives, or as goal-seeking. we  simply cannot make a justified appeal to authority. rather, we must continue to search for clarity  and certitude on our own.  Alternative Views of Human Nature  1- Human Nature is Selfish, Aggressive, and Antisocial - Pessimism about human nature beliefs that human beings cannot trust their deepest  desires and inner promptings and that if and when they do they will find themselves in conflict  with their fellows is a viewpoint widely held in past times and at present. it finds varied expres- sion in four major modes of thought: Religion, Philosophical, Scientific, and Literary.  - Christian doctrines have stressed the idea of original sin and the human propensity to  evil. St. Augistine, described men and women in their natural state as seeking to realize egoistic and carnal desires, thus freely choosing to disobey God’s commands. Aquinas found human na-
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