Chapter 12 - Chapter 12 Personality Personality an...

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Chapter 12 Personality Personality- an individual’s characteristic pattern of thinking, feeling, and acting ; FAT: Feeling, Acting, Thinking; who you are (talents, likes/dislikes), what you have been (accomplishments), what you will become (values, loves) Psychoanalytic Theory- Freud’s theory that proposed that childhood sexuality and unconscious motivations influence personality Humanistic Theory- focused on our inner capacities for growth and self-fulfillment Personality is both biological and environmental Psychodynamic Theories- view personality with a focus on the unconscious and the importance of childhood experiences Psychoanalysis- Freud’s theory of personality that attributes thoughts and actions to unconscious motives and conflicts; the techniques used in treating psychological disorders by seeking to expose and interpret unconscious tensions ; pleasure seeking biological influences Unconscious- according to Freud, a reservoir of mostly unacceptable thoughts, wishes, feelings, and memories. According to contemporary psychologists, information processing of which we are unaware Freud tried using hypnosis before turning to free association Free Association- in psychoanalysis, a method of exploring the unconscious in which the person relaxes and says whatever comes to mind, no matter how trivial or embarrassing Conscious awareness- like part of an iceberg that floats above surface; makes peace between the id and superego Unconscious mind-beneath conscious awareness; thoughts, wishes, feelings, and memories; includes preconscious area- where conscious thoughts are retrieved from Repression- forcibly block from consciousness because it would be too unsettling to acknowledge Id- a reservoir of unconscious psychic energy that, according to Freud, strives to satisfy basic sexual and aggressive drives. The id operates on the pleasure principles, demanding immediate gratification. Ego- the largely conscious, “executive”part of personality that, accident o Greud, mediates among the demands of the id, superego, and reality. The ego operates on the reality principles, satisfying the id’s desire the ways that will realistically bring pleasure rather than pain Superego- the part of personality that, according to Freud, represents internalized ideals and provides standards for judgment (the conscience) and for future aspirations ; Moral Compass; how we ought to behave; produces positive feeling of pride or negative feelings of guilt
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Psychosexual Stages- the
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