CASES to know for exam 2 - Cases to Know o Northwest...

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Cases to Know: o Northwest Ordinance (1787): banned slavery in newly annexed terrorist o Missouri Compromise (1820): drew latitudinal boundary for new entering states (Louisiana) o Kansas-Nebraska Act: (1854): allowed KS and BC to determine for themselves o Dred Scott (1857): Congress had no authority to ban slavery in territories Blacks were not citizens o Jim Crow Laws: poll tax, literacy tests, grandfather clauses; states right to regulate elections! (upheld by Supreme Court) o Plessy v. Ferguson (1896): upheld Jim Crow laws (sit in black section), established separate but equal facilities, left racial categorization up to the states o Guinn and Beal v. US (1915) shut down grandfather rules o Brown v. Board of Education (1954): NACCPT overtaking congress on “separate but equal” (not true) Overturned Peggy v. Ferguson rule (separate but equal) Segregation still persisted (schools, churches) o Shelby v. Holder Shelby county argued section 4 and 5 were unconstitutional and section 4B exceeded congresses power coverage formula, conflicted with the constitution Infringement into state sovereignty (governmental check up by the state) Conflicts with constitutional principles of federalism o Schenck v. US (1919):
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