MOST IMPORTANT for exam 2 - IMPORTANT THINGS TO KNOW o...

Info icon This preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
IMPORTANT THINGS TO KNOW: o Northwest Ordinance (1787): banned slavery in newly annexed terrorist o Missouri Compromise (1820): drew latitudinal boundary for new entering states (Louisiana) o Kansas-Nebraska Act: (1854): allowed KS and BC to determine for themselves o Dred Scott (1857): Congress had no authority to ban slavery in territories Blacks were not citizens o Civil Rights: protections by government 13 th Amendment: Banned slavery 14 th Amendment: Citizenship (equal rights) Privacy 15 th Amendment: Right to Vote! o Jim Crow Laws: poll tax, literacy tests, grandfather clauses; states right to regulate elections! Upheld by Supreme court as constitutional, not against 14 th amendment (equal rights) and states could regulate their own elections o Plessy v. Ferguson (1896): upheld Jim Crow laws (sit in black section), established separate but equal facilities, left racial categorization up to the states o The birth of a nation: silent film used as a recruitment mechanism for the KKK Made blacks look dangerous, idiotic, and rationalize blacks o New Deal Policies (Democrats): Relief, Recovery and Reform Relief suffering from the Great Depression Created jobs for unemployed people Promoted Civil Rights (protections by the Government) Designed to pull blacks to their side Blacks were moving to North Democrats wanted them as their voters (used “pulling forces) o NAACP (National Association for Advancement of Colored People/est. 1909) Goal: lobby federal government to push for civil rights Turned to litigation: taking legal action Did not have enough white representation o Guinn and Beal v. US (1915) shut down grandfather rules o Brown v. Board of Education (1954): NACCPT overtaking congress on “separate but equal” (not true) Overturned Peggy v. Ferguson rule (separate but equal) Segregation still persisted Segregation in: schools, business because states were not enforcing court order (president Eisenhower and Kennedy had to issue military help in some cases, little rock Arkansas) o MLK: 26-year-old preacher, new in town (“if we are wrong, God All Might is wrong!”) Knew civil rights fight could not be taken on in the courts, needed to take the streets! All legislation came from black individuals themselves (long process) o Montgomery Boycotts: began December 1955 (lasted 381 days at Mississippi)
Image of page 1

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Rosa Parks: Sat in white section Had to give up your space if there was no space for whites 1 day bus boycott planned within two days Successful: black community joined together and unanimously voted to continue to boycott the buses Overcame collective action problem, had an economic impact & loss for the city. People acted negatively, burn black churches, attacked blacks (89 booted boycotts) Church and woman organizations heavily involved o Sit in’s Refused to move from white only sections of public accommodations o Large Marches Show people that there is mounting opposition, African Americans and Whites
Image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern