Review exam 3 - POLS NOTES EXAM#3 Congress o Survey Compare...

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POLS NOTES EXAM #3 Congress o Survey: Compare congress for people to unpleasant things (Nickelback, roaches…) Congress Approval: 22.1% provenance rate Summary of Congress o Bicameral: Two houses, House and Senate o Terms: Congress – 6 years; House of Representatives – 2 years o House: have to actively be changing things to run for re-election (435) o Senate: older and wise men, balancing act for the House (100) More careful and not always thinking about reelection o Purposeful Institution: Elections and popular sovereignty Popular sovereignty: delegation of authority and be able to resend that Shapes congressional behavior (representing the people) Explains why congress makes do and what they don’t do o Qualifications and powers (in constitution) Representatives: younger men (25, US citizen for 5 years, resident of state) o Different powers of House and Senate Senate confirm members that come into Supreme Court House has control over the bills that come in o Elected in single-member district: plurality rule (whoever gets more votes) Appointment and Redistricting of Congressional Districts o Appointment: the number of seats How many seats you get o Redistricting: how you draw the line House of representatives: depends on the number of seats you get district lines Appointment in Senate o The 9 largest states: home to 51% of the population but elect 18% of the Senate o The 26 smallest states: elect 52% of the Senate and contain only 18% of the population Appointment in the House of Representatives o Strict adherence to ‘one person, one vote’ rule (one representative per state) Wesberry v. Sanders (1954): districts must have equal populations (refined) Karcher v. Daggett (1983): no variation more than 1/7 or 1% in population size o Census 2010 700,000 individuals to ‘one person, one vote’ rule States with 1,000,000 people (1 person to represent them) state boundary issue we can’t fix Reappointment: 2010 Census o Reappointment of our representatives every 10 years o House of Representatives maximum: 435 members Some states lose population and others gain (Texas, gained 4 seats) Appointment Conflicts o Census v. Sampling (severe undercount of minority groups) Who do we count? Evenwell v. Abbott (2016): All people CAN be counted (eligible voters and those ineligible; children, immigrants)
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Texas asked Supreme Court if they could consider a different apportionment criteria to count only eligible voters o Supreme Court did not rule out other existing plans, but ruled out that counting non-citizens were protected by the 14 th Amendment (equal protection clause, still arguable) Redistricting: how you draw the line (more controversial of apportionment) o State Control (sovereignty) o States must follow VRA and ‘one person, one vote’ rule o 34 states: legislature | 6 states: independent | 3 states: mixed AZ State Legislature v. AZ Independent Redistricting Commission (2015): court case wherein the Court upheld the right of Arizona voters to remove the
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