IB History Notes - DShealyn Bullock Summer Assignment Notes...

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D’Shealyn Bullock Summer Assignment – Notes IB History 8/29/14 IB World History Fun Facts Religious: a. Judaism b. Islam c. Christianity d. Hinduism e. Buddhism Race – red, white, yellow, brown, black Ethnicity – ethno-centrism -Blood lines to a specific ethnic group -Italians, French, Irish -Ashanti, Ibo, Ibbio, Luo -Semites Ethno-centrism: A belief that your ethnic group (blood) is superior Hitler’s Master Race Anglo-Saxon ethnic group White-Anglo Saxon – Protestant ** 9/3/14 SWBAT evaluate the causes of “The Great War” (N.I.M.A) in order to examine the effects on the countries involved * Nationalism, Imperialism, Militarism, Alliances > it all begins August 1914 * It all “paused” November 1918 – involved European powers, their colonies, and their allies Franco- Prussian War -1815 > Napoleonic wars are over, 39 Germanic states exist. 2 largest Germanic states = Austria and Prussia (no unity) -Prussian Leader “Otto van Bismarck” seeks to unify the Germanic states (excluding Austria) -1864 > Prussia defeats Austria - 1871 > Prussia defeats France -Prussia takes land and money from France, Germany is unified. France is pissed Long term causes of WWI - Germany is united under Kaiser Wilhelm I and Chancellor Bismarck > time to build alliances -1873> Alliance of Germany, Russia, Austria-Hungary = “3 emperors league” (dreikaiserbund) -1879> Russia exits = Dual Alliance of Germany and Austria-Hungary -1881> 3 emperors alliance is rebuilt -1882> triple alliance (Germany, Italy, Austria-Hungary) -1887> Reassurance treaty (Germany, Russia)
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D’Shealyn Bullock Summer Assignment – Notes IB History *Welt Politick* = Germany policy of diverting the German population away from the social and political problems @ home (going to get colonies) Imperialism -1880-1905> Europeans carve up Africa and Asia to build empires (land mass and subjected peoples) - Social Darwinism and westernization (anglo-saxonization) must be spread to lift people up =God’s work Alliances -Tensions rising between England and Germany (military power colonies: both Anglo-Saxon Countries) over - 1902: England Allies w/Japan and then an “entente” w/France -1907: The “Triple Entente” = England, France, Russia -1907: The “Triple Alliance” = Germany, Italy, Austria-Hungary The “Balkans” = issues of mass complexity! *3 empires very interested in the Balkans > Ottoman Empire (Turkey), Russia, Austria-Hungary - Turkey = once ruled ALL of the Balkans, but … serbs, greeks and Bulgars hated Turks - Austria Hungary Empire contains serbs, croats, slovers who do not like the Austrians – Hungarians - Russia > protect Serbia and ensure access to a warm water port -1900-1906 > Serbia vs. Austria-Hungary in a war of tanks (taxes on trade) which destabilizes the region Crisis emerges (1905-1913) -France will support England ruling Egypt, only if England supports France ruling Morocco -Germany decides to support the Sultan of Morocco. Morocco tries to stick it to France and England -Crisis results between England, France and Germany which results in a. Germany gets NOTHING b. France gets Morocco c. England and France grow closer d. England sees Germany as a threat Bosnian Crisis: 1908
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