Kines 203- Exam 2 Study Guide - Kines203:Exam2studyGuide...

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Kines 203: Exam 2 study Guide  Chapter 8: Drugs  Drugs are derived from: o Natural plants  o Animal  o Mineral sources  o Synthetic material  o Genetic engineering  Anaphylaxis: severe allergic reaction  Contraindications: reasons not to use based on specific information about individual  Potentiation: increased potency created by two drugs acting together; additive effect  (synergistic) Antagonist: substance that interferes with or opposes the action of a drug  Dependence: condition resulting from chronic use of a drug; regardless of its adverse  effects; dependence may be psychological or physical  Tolerance: condition in which chronic use of a drug results in loss of effectiveness; does  must be increased to yield effective response  Withdrawl: condition that results from cessation or reduction of a drug that has been used  regularly  Brand: registered trademark of manufacturer (capitalized) i.e. Tylenol, Advil, Motrin  Generic: simple version of a chemical name (not capitalized) i.e. acetaminophen, ibuprofen  4 sources for drug information o United States Pharmacopeia (USP): published by national committee of  pharmacologists o American Society of Health System Pharmacists (ASHP)  o Physician’s Desk Reference (PDR): information supplied by drug manufacturers  o Pharmacists  USP contains standards for: o Testing drug strength
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o Testing drug quality  o Testing drug purity  o Preparation of drugs  o Dispensing of drugs  Phytomedicine: technical term for herbal medicine (use of plant to treat disease) Issues of phytomedicine: o Purity, safety, concentration, efficacy, drug interaction  o No FDA testing or regulation  o Office of Dietary Supplements (ODS) supports and coordinate research  -lytic: dissolving  -mimetic: mimicking, simulating  -tropic: acting on  anti-: against  contra-: against, oppose  counter-: opposite, against  alg/o, algi/o, algesi/o: pain  chem/o: chemical  hypn/o: sleep  narc/o: stupor  pharm/o, pharmac/o: drug, medicine  pyr/o, pyret/o: fever  tox/o, toxic/o: poison, toxin  vas/o: vessel  Drug preparations: o  Liquid (i.e. aerosol, aqueous solution, elixir, emulsion, suspension, tincture,  lotion) o Semisolid (i.e. cream or ointment) o Solid (i.e. capsule, tablet, lozenge, suppository) Common routes of administration: o Absorption, inhalation, instillation (ocular-drops), oral, sublingual, rectal, vaginal, topical, injection, transdermal (i.e. adhesive patch), implantation  2
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Injection types: o Subcutaneous, intramuscular, intravenous, intradermal, epidural, spinal  Injectable drugs: methods and delivery o
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