#14 Growth.Slave.South - History 105 Fall 2015 The Growth...

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History 105 Fall 2015 The Growth of the Slave South, part II III. The Slave South of the 1840s and 1850s A. Slaveowners 1. Images vs. Statistics Many people think of huge plantations with beautiful houses however only 1/3 of southerners were slave holders •“Gone with the Wind” image is incorrect 2. Population Pyramid 1% slaveholder 100 or more slaves 3% slaveholders 50 or more 20% of slaveholders owned 15-20 Remainder of slaveholders owned about 5 or 6 slaves and property was about $3,000 3. Self-Image: Paternalism Planters at the very top level gained enormous profit of these many of them did have expensive properties -wives wore gowns -children sent to finest boarding schools •Greatly affected slaveholder’s images -saw themselves as modern day nights -paternally lead their slaves and outside evil was northern industrialism -saw southern slavery as different/ better 4. Contradictions slavery was about controlling, not protecting •most stark contradiction in this paternalistic idea was the relationship with their slaves “valued their slave children more than money” -> better off than northern slaves bc they were protected from capitalism slave families were actually split up to solve economic problems, some slaves were sold thus splitting up families even more even masters who migrated with their slaves broke up families
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