#16 Great Transformation 2

#16 Great Transformation 2 - Wednesday,May31,y The Norths...

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Wednesday, May 31, y The North ’s “Great Transformation,” part II III. Changes in Social and Class Relations A. Northern Farmers Took pride in their status as land owning producers Typical northern farm was small in size and was operated by the family that owned it 1. Republican Independence freedom from economic & social dependence defined what it mean to be a a re- publican citizen -wage labor was seen as opposite of republican -wanted to be independent •good republican? -> independence: capacity to support oneself & ones family, owning of land, gave male head to family right to vote AKA full republican citi- zenship dependence: slaves, indentured servants, wager labors & propertyless people 2. Family and Community Ties the male could not realize independence on their own -wives & women were not independent -women picked their own wool, drove their own loons, made & mended clothes baskets, milked cows farmers lended tools & helped during harvest, making barns -borrowed basic items: Salt, tobacco, gun powder independent farmer was still very woven in family & comm. ties 3. Stressful Consequences transportation made farmers less independent now made store brought household goods from factories available at affordable prices farmers were able to buy what they used to make to come up with cash that they desperately needed, started working to produce marketable crops farmers were less able to devote land to what their families needed for them- selves, ended up having to buy even more
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