#23 the 1850's - Wednesday,May31,y The 1850s Compromise and...

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Wednesday, May 31, y The 1850s: Compromise and Conflict I. A Turbulent Decade • Cotton boom in S & Ind Rev in N created 2 different -economies -labor systems -cultures -ways of looking at the world • These difference became readily apparent -Irreconcilable; war was inevitable Congress would have preferred to avoid issue of slavery in W -gold rush forced hand II. The Compromise of 1850 A. The California Issue by1850’s, so many Americans were there looking to strike it rich they were already ready to ap- ply for statehood B. Clay’s Resolutions Admitted as free state C. The Fugitive Slave Law • Made it mandatory for fugitive slaves to be captured & returned -locals had to help • Clay was once again the “Great Compromiser” • Thought they had successfully buried the slavery issue • more of an armistice • Compromise of 1850 began to fall apart almost immediately Fugitive slave law was the thread coming apart 1. The “Underground Railroad”—Harriet Tubman • Network of 1000’s of free blacks and white sympathizers who sheltered run away slaves; In N? • Tubman ran away in 1847 & returned to S 18 times, risking lives Got money & support from N- number on increase esp. thanks to novel Uncle Tom’s Cabin 2. Uncle Tom’s Cabin
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