#25 civil war part 2 - The Civil War part II IV War...

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The Civil War, part II IV. War Transforms the North Emancipation proclamation Now fighting over slavery  A. Industrialization Good for factories; producing blankets etc.  Economy nose-dived in 1861 (cotton?) but in 1863 it changed dramatically  -coal mining  -wool; made up for cotton; what the uniforms were made of  B. Expansion of the Federal Government Since days of Jefferson, democrats and others disagreed about how to encourage eco.  growth  -Dems. thought little intrusion from gov was best  -whigs, federalists, etc. wanted support from gov in economy when the 11 slave states left union in 1851 the democrats strength in congress was cut in half  leaving room for republicans to “steam roll” through congress  Federal gov became largest consumer of manufactured & agricultural goods granted large contracts & loans to northern RR to transport troops & supplies  huge foreign tariffs to protect from foreign competition  national currency & banking system  republicans generated enormous economic & military power not just wartime demands that republicans were solving -pushed congress through several social problems -passes the homestead act, pacific RR act, Morrell act and created the department of agricul- ture  -impressive as this was all in the middle of a war  C. Labor Shortage
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