1492-revised - Spanish M42 Winter Quarter 2012 1492 by John...

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Spanish M42 Winter Quarter 2012 1492 by John Dagenais and Michael Weinberg
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The high-powered couple of yesteryear Isabella I of Castile Ferdinand II of Aragon (Ferdinand V of Castile jure uxoris )
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The Marriage of Ferdinand of Aragon and Isabel of Castile October 19, 1469: Isabel and Ferdinand are married 1474: Isabel becomes Queen of Castile 1479: Ferdinand becomes King of Aragon Both accede to their thrones after about a century of civil war Ambitious ministers and powerful noble families manipulate weak monarchs Kings (continue to) fight one another Monarchs retain authority only over their own kingdoms Administrations of each kept separate Nevertheless, Castile gradually becomes dominant partner
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Something new? Ferdinand and Isabel assert royal authority: Oppose noble families Use hermandades to maintain (to restore) public order Consult Cortes at first and then not Send corregidores (permanent royal representatives) to towns Towns lose former autonomy Mostly in Castile, though some in Aragon Fuenteovejuna , Lope de Vega, 1619 Petition Pope for right to nominate bishops (O’Callaghan 662-65)
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Remember our ‘old enemies’ too… 1250-1482: stable borders between Granada and Castile, though not always peaceful Christian kingdoms are busy fighting each other Mudéjares : Muslims living under Christian rule (vs. mozárabes , Christians living under Muslim rule) Little attempt to convert (or to expel) mudéjares Anti- mudéjar legislation (e.g. distinctive dress) lapse under Enrique IV, who has affinity for Moorish culture End of 1481: Muslim forces take a frontier castle; the Catholic Kings respond Periodic frontier battles and campaigns through 1491. April 1491: massive Castilian force gathers and marches on Granada (O’Callaghan 605-606)
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2 January 1492: Granada Surrenders to Catholic Monarchs End of 1491: Boabdil, last Moorish ruler of al-Andalus offers to surrender Granada 2 January: Rioting breaks out when citizens learn of surrender Boabdil rides out to surrender to Granada; hands over keys to city Christian troops enter city to quell rioting 6 January: Ferdinand and Isabel enter Granada and place cross and their own banner on the Alhambra Boabdil
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Terms of Surrender Monarchs agree to respect autonomy of Granada Inhabitants can retain property and arms Can keep religion and customs
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