Lecture Notes Spain After Franco - Spanish 42 Spring 2014...

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Spain is pain(fully cool): After Franco By: Elizabeth Warren Based on materials prepared by Prof. John Dagenais and Paula Thorrington Spanish 42 Spring 2014
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Why is Spain pain(fully cool)? After the end of the dictatorship: Widespread, rapid change Widespread internal division: politically, generationally, socially My own experience The question that I want to plant: What can be said about all of the “freedoms” that arrived Spain during this time period? Were “freedom” and “democracy” really all that great?
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Review from Eilene’s lecture: Franco’s Spain Economically/politically/c ulturally “isolated” from Europe/the rest of the world Authoritarianism Central government with one man in charge of ALL of Spain for almost 40 years Nationalism Catholicism Censorship “Permiso marital” Contraception banned Adultery laws (only for women) Constant immigration to other countries – millions left Emigration to large cities Large families
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“Spain is a miracle” Economic issues prior to Franco/at the beginning of the dictatorship? Autarky=Closed economy/self sufficient until outside trade is allowed in 1959 “Economic boom” from 1959-1974 due to implementation of various development plans, and then ends with the global oil crisis/inflation of the 1970s Infrastructure Migration to the cities Industrialization (especially in the North and in/around Madrid) Automotive Industry (SEAT) Tourism Emerging “middle class”
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Tourism in Spain 1959: Tourist visas no longer needed for Western Europeans, and Spain embraces tourism Tourist boom of the 1950’s-1960’s Package holiday vacations common among Northern Europeans And eventually the Franco regime relaxes a bit, making bikinis legal!
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Spanish Culture under Franco Overall repression of culture/cultural diversity Franco's own arbitrary view of the Spanish tradition dominated. Diversity of Spain suppressed in favor of a unified Spain in which “Spanish culture” meant “Castilian culture” Where have we seen this before? This view of Spain still exists outside of Spain in the popular imagination As does a “touristic” image of all of Spain as being a land of sun, beaches, bullfighting, flamenco, siestas, sangría, paella, and Don Quixote
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Francisco Franco Bahamonde, 1892-1975 (in office April 1, 1939- November 20, 1975)
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“Generalísimo Franco is still dead !” /death-franco-000000128. html /watch?v=butZyxI-PRs
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Reform or Rupture? The death of Franco presented a gap in expectations among the Spanish people, and most agreed on the need of “a more representative form of government” Reforma ( aperturistas ): Change is needed, but introduce it gradually/conditionally Ruptura : Change is needed, and in the form of a swift, clean break from the past
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“The Transition to Democracy” 5gM Jarcha: “Libertad sin ira” Raffaella Carrà “Fiesta”
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