Film 6A Lectures - Film 6A Lectures Lecture 2 Week 1 Early...

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Film 6A Lectures Lecture 2 - Week 1 - 1/7/2016 Early Cinema The Zoetrope The persistence of vision/the illusion of movement 1867 US patent (UK patent by 1840s) The flip book Culver City zoetropes - west of Main St. Photography 1826: Niépce’s Photograph 1839: Daguerrotype 1840: Talbot’s Negatives 1871: Dry Plate Photography 1888: Plastic Roll Film - Eastman Kodak Eadweard Muybridge (1830-1904) 1872: Begins making Stanford photographs to capture motion 1878: Begins presentations of sequential photographs/moving pictures Etienne Jules Marey (1830-1904) Chronophotographer 1882: Camera gun 1888: Paper film Thomas Edison (1847-1931) & W.K.L. Dickson (1860-1935) February 1888: Muybridge visits October 1888: Edison files with patent office June 1889: W.K.L. Dickson begins work on camera, 35mm film 1891: Kinetograph camera patents 1892-1901: The Black Maria 1894: Kinetoscope offered for sale 1894: “Fred Ott’s Sneeze” copyrighted April 1895: Dickson leaves Edison 1896: Edison projects in vaudeville The Lumière Cinématographe (Auguste: 1862-1954; Louis: 1864- 1948) December 28, 1895: Begin ongoing public projection of films in Grand Café, Paris Early works help establish the documentary, home movie, slapstick comedy, commercial, & fiction film Vaudeville Low admission price Weekly program change - the interstate vaudeville circuit Family friendly atmosphere Something for everybody Biograph & Vitagraph
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December 1895: Dickson creates American Biography Co. The Mutoscope 1896: J. Stuart Blackton appears in Edison films 1897: Blackton (1875-1941) founds Vitagraph 1898: Vitagraph war films Georges Méliès (1861-1938) 1895: Attended first Lumière show Star Films 1902: Trip to the Moon Multi-shot narrative fantasy films Portrayed in Scorsese’s Hugo Edwin S. Porter (1870-1909) Filmmaker at Edison 1898-1909 1902: Jack and the Beanstalk 1902: Life of an American Fireman 1903: The Great Train Robbery One real edited narrative film Lecture 3 - Week 2 - 1/11/2016 Gertie the Dinosaur (1914) from Winsor McKay Beginnings of funny animal genre Winsor McKay was a prominent cartoonist The Nickelodeon Era & D.W. Griffith Motion pictures become dominant cultural force in United States All-movie program can be put together with 10-minute long films 1904: first movie house opened Vaudeville houses continued to show movies for next ten years The Nickelodeon (original Nickelodeon in Pittsburgh) Converted store/theater, seats 75-300 (around same size as Vaudeville theaters) Low admission price, 5-10 cents - nearly anyone could afford it One reel subjects: topical, westerns, and melodrama Usually around five reels of different subjects Frequent change of program - two or three changes per week Films rented from distribution exchanges ( distributors ) Owners of multiple Nickelodeons set up a central office for rental - exchange for fresh films every few days The elite did not visit the nickelodeon - turned up their noses at “debased” form of entertainment
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