Notes 09-20-16 (learning) - Psych Learn in three way...

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Psych 09-20-16 Learn in three way: 1)Classical conditioning – Links different stimuli 2)Operant conditioning – Links behavior to consequence 3)Observational learning Operant conditioning- involves learning that occurs when voluntary actions become associated with their consequences. Edward Thorndike- 1 st scientist to study the effect of consequences on behavior Cats and Puzzle Boxes – Put cats in boxes with trigger to open box Once cat learned that by pushing lever opened box then they got faster and faster at it. BF Skinner more famously known for operant conditioning experiments Skinner box -Put rats into box with lever and eventually lean that by pushing on lever then they get food or water. Def.: Behaviorism: Reinforcers: consequences Reinforcment: Skinner was able to train his animals to do many different things of varying difficulty by shaping their behaviors Shaping: using reinforcers to guide behavior to the acquisition of a desired behavior
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