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SOC326 7-29-08

SOC326 7-29-08 - -One’s occupational position gives him...

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SOC 326 7-29-08 Power and Authority In Organizations -Power and Authority -Power -Weber: the ability for person or groups to carry out their will even when opposed by others. -A person who has the right personality, they could have more power. -Authority -A specific form of power. -Legitimized power, power due to one’s formal position (in an organization). -Could have authority because of a position they may hold. -Power in organizations -Structural position within an organization. -Often based on authority (legitimated power of a formal position). -Place in the social and communication network within a company (structural holes). -Through social networking, you could have power within other departments. They could also share info with you. -People, groups, departments that handle vital organizational functions (R&D, finance). -Specific departments could have more power due to importance to the company. -Authority in organizations
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Unformatted text preview: -One’s occupational position gives him or her the capacity to issue orders to others. Authority can be abused-Concern is that often people have unquestioning obedience to authority figures. Sometimes they will follow and other times not.-Historical examples: Holocaust during WWII, My Lai massacre in Vietnam.-Example of work-related research-Nurses receiving orders to administer drug to patient (Hofling et al. 1996).-Order came by phone, from unknown doctor, of an unfamiliar drug.-Prescribed dosage was heavy, substantially exceeding maximum listed on package.-Nearly all nurses were ready to follow orders and administer drug at the prescribed dosage.-Stanley Milgram-Psychologist, researched use of authority.-Experimental, laboratory-based research.-Electric shock experiments.-Questioning of “how far” subjects would go in following morally questionable orders.-His research is still being replicated today....
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SOC326 7-29-08 - -One’s occupational position gives him...

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