SOC 326 7-28-08 Work Organizations and Bureaucracies-Organizations and worker control-Organizational structure is the pattern of relationships among the various parts and people within an organization.-Structure can be both formal and informal.-You can map an informal structure to how it actually works in the workplace.-The division of labor produces a vertical differentiation within organizations based on levels of authority and control.-In “traditional” organizations-Organizational structure is thus a means by which workers have been controlled and managed.-There has been strives in today’s structures to erase some of the levels to make it more level.-Elaborated by Richard Edwards in Contested Terrain (1979).-Four forms of organizational control over workers (in historical sequence)-Entrepreneurial Control-Hierarchical Control-Technical Control-Bureaucratic Control-Entrepreneurial Control-The owner shows the workers how to do the work and indicates the appropriate pace.-The owner also evaluates the workers and rewards or punishes them according to performance.
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This note was uploaded on 09/15/2008 for the course SOC 326 taught by Professor D during the Spring '07 term at Arizona.