Sept 9 - Sept 9 How philosophy renders GodReligion in the...

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Sept 9 How philosophy renders God…Religion in the United States, prejudice against religious expression. I. “God of the Philosophers”- Whats the difference between philosophy and theology. Philos use reason and reason alone. When they address the question a philo tries to move away from tradition. Test their arguments through the reasoning of skepticism A. Skepticism- systematic doubt, a strategy of doubt. To try and arrive at what is true 1. Description- skepticism arises because of diversity. Who really knows what culture is right. 2. Doubt: A foundation for modern philosophy 3. “Chastity of the intellect” skepticism guards against believing to easily in the claims of another person. Guarding your mind from being fooled. Rene Descartes 1596-1650 Meditations on First Philosophy- Cogito ergo sum -“I think therefore I am” 1618- 1648 the thirty years war was trying to find who has the true faith, religious war. The deepest traditions in Europe, religion, was killing everyone so Descartes wants to move away from tradition. I think therefore I know I exist. It make philo began with the internal reason of our own mind and everything else is not certain, could be deceived. Descares I think therefore I am is the starting point of were doubt in modern philo began. B. Relativism- problem with modern phil. Distrust of tradition 1. The idea that there is no absolute truth, beauty, good, evil, or sin. A person’s perspective of beauty is based on what your culture perceives it to be. No one feels capable of standing up and saying this is right or this is wrong. There is a healthy skepticism and appreciating other people’s culture. With absolute skep and rel. it is paralyxing 2. Relativism and the American context. Prone to it because of diversity. The world is really small C. The Dialectic of Socrates 1. Socrates- the problem of jesus is that he didn’t write anything. 469-399 B.C. was an Athen. The oracle at Delphi deemed Socrates the wisest man in the world. Socrates then set off to figure out how this could be true. So he became an itinerant, traveling the street and asking questions. He was the wisest because he was will to admit his own arrogance, he didn’t know something. Then he proved that the person he was question didn’t know what they were talking about. He believed in absolute beauty. Nothing could stand under his question. He executed for teaching young people this method. Socrates didn’t believe in the God of Athens. Chose death
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2. Sophists- Socrates is not a sophist b/c he believed in absolute beauty. Believe in nothing but the power of arguing. Paid teachers who would teach you how to argue any side of a question. Athens is a real democracy. Sophist are trained in rhetoric. If you have a horse that is sick do you take it to an expert 3. Dialectic (Plato and Aristotle) If you have a horse that is sick do you take it to an expert. Didn’t believe in Democracy. Crito talks about the common man. Socrates taught Plato and
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Sept 9 - Sept 9 How philosophy renders GodReligion in the...

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