Quiz01Notes(Part1)

Quiz01Notes(Part1) - 8.20.08 Mythology Sometimes has...

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8.20.08 Mythology: Sometimes has archeological background, but sources are mostly literary Homer: Known to have written Iliad and Odyssey, but there is no proof he really existed or whether he really wrote both books; maybe was blind; composed orally in middle of the 8 th century B.C. Hesiod: Farmer in late 8 th /7 th century; wrote down poems about farming and theogony Homeric Hymns: Definitely not written by Homer; there are 33 of them; written in iambic pentameter Leery Poets: Works come down to us in fragments, mostly unreadable One of the Leery Poets was Sappho, also called the “Tenth Muse”; from the island of Lesbos; “A Hymn to Aphrodite” Early 5 th century: Pendar of Thebes wrote “Epinician Odes”, dedicated to athletes in the Olympics [one book for every one of the four major games] Golden Age of Athens: 5 th century B.C.; tragedies written during this period Attic (?) Tragedians: Aechylus, wrote 7 (d. 456 B.C.) Sophocles, wrote 7 (d. 406 B.C.) Euripedies, wrote 18 (d. 306 B.C.) Comedies: ? What? Sorry, I completely missed this part [Apollonius of Rhodes (Argonautica); Apollodonus Pausanias: Loved to travel] (wrote this down, not sure what it means, hope someone else got it) 8.22.08
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Roman Vergil: 70-19 B.C. Aeneid (I don’t know what Aeneid means or what it relates to, but he said it) Ovid (43 B.C. – 17 A.D.): Wrote Metamorphoses, collection of mythology involving changes in shapes or forms; later angered Emperor Augustus and was exiled to the Black Sea Horous (65-8 B.C.): Wrote poems in Latin in the forms of the Greeks; buddies with Vergil Statius, Valerius, Haccus, Argonautica Probably stuff he wrote Apuleius: Wrote something called the “Golden Ass” Sir Arthur Evans: Bought site of Knossos, started excavation and found ruins of enormous, maze-like palace; he called it the “Palace of King Minos”; probably from the Bronze Age Also did reconstructions of small parts of palace; found two early types of writing [Linear A and Linear B]
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