OUTLINE 1d

OUTLINE 1d - OUTLINES FOR BIOLOGY 1201 Section 001 Summer...

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OUTLINES FOR BIOLOGY 1201 Section 001 Summer 2008 DR. STEVEN POMARICO Outline 1D CHAPTER 4 CARBON AND THE MOLECULAR DIVERSITY OF LIFE Carbon Chemistry and Isomers 4.1.1 >>>>>>>>Aside from water, most biologically related molecules contain carbon. Organic chemistry is the study of carbon compounds --- Organic chemistry The study of carbon compounds --- Organic molecules Molecules which contain carbon **Exceptions** CO, CO2, and all carbon molecules (e.g., diamonds, graphite, coal) Carbon atoms are the most versatile building blocks of molecules (see fig 4.3) ** Carbon atom has a valence of 4 and can bind to 2, 3, or 4 other atoms --- Hydrocarbons Molecules that contain only hydrogen and carbon - Major components of fossil fuels - Have a diversity of carbon skeletons - Are hydrophobic (ie, non-polar) because C-C and C-H bonds are nonpolar Variations in the carbon skeleton can contribute to the diversity of organic molecules (see fig 4.5) . >>> Isomers
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OUTLINE 1d - OUTLINES FOR BIOLOGY 1201 Section 001 Summer...

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