Grammar Lessons

Grammar Lessons - Grammar Lessons Thursday April 03 Kinds...

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Grammar Lessons Thursday, April 03- “Kinds of Sentences” 8 different parts of speech o Verbs- describes action, occurrence, or state of being o Nouns- people, places, ideas, concepts o Pronouns- used in place of nouns, making repetition unnecessary o Adjectives-modify nouns o Adverbs-describe of limit verbs, adjectives, other adverbs o Prepositions-specific relationships between nouns and pronouns o Conjunctions-link words o Interjections-express emotion or exclamations Sentences must contain at least 2 structural parts: o Subject- which identifies what the sentence is about o Predicate - which asserts or ask something about the subject. o Subject and Predicate together to express a complete though is a independent sentence. o Complete Predicate- is a predicate that contains more than a verb o Complete Subject - contains more than a simple, one word subject o Subject Complement - is a noun, noun phrase, adjective, or adjective phrase that is used with a linking verb to describe the subject of the sentence. o Direct Object- receives the action of the verb o Indirect Object- receives the action of the verb indirectly. It is used along with the direct object. o Object Complement- relates to the object in a sentence the way a subject complement relates to the subject; it describes the object, particularly with respect to the state of being that the verb establishes. o Linking Verbs- generally require subject complements o Transitive verbs- require direct objects o Intransitive Verbs- require neither o Phrases, Noun Phrase- consist of a noun and all its modifiers o Verb Phrase- consist of a verb and all its auxiliaries o Prepositional Phrase- consists of a preposition plus one or more nouns or pronouns and their modifiers. Preposition comes first. Acts either as an adjectives or adverbs depending on what they modify. o Verbal Phrase- phrases made from verbs that function as nouns, adjectives, or adverbs. Infinitive Phrase- made by adding to before the verb Gerunds- are formed by adding –ing to a verb for use as a noun. Gerund Phrase consist of a gerund and its modifiers Participial Phrase- present or past tense. Present participles are formed by adding –ing.
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Past Participles are formed by adding –ed or –en Clauses Independent Clauses- can stand alone as sentences Dependent Clauses- cannot stand alone. Sentence fragments, don’t express a complete thought. Some are introduced by subordinating conjunctions . Others are introduced by relative pronouns . Types of Sentences o Declarative- states facts or opinions o Interrogative- asks questions o Imperative- gives commands o Exclamatory- expresses strong feelings o Simple Sentence- is a sentence that consists of a single independent clause. o
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This note was uploaded on 09/15/2008 for the course BIO 101 taught by Professor Gee during the Spring '08 term at Canisius College.

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Grammar Lessons - Grammar Lessons Thursday April 03 Kinds...

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