Media Law

Media Law - Development of a Free Press It doesn't just...

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Development of a Free Press: It doesn't just protect the popular ideas. It protects everything. This is because we want people to talk. We're all going to get the same protection for speech and the press will get the same freedom to speak on it. The History of Media Law: 1791. The first 10 Amendments to the Constitution (Freedom of Speech) : It didn't last long because they began putting people in jail for things that people were saying that they didn't agree with. 1798. Alien and Sedition Acts 1900. WWI people were once again prosecuted for the freedom of speech. 1901. 1898 to recognize International Copyrights. Defamation- saying bad things about a person. Libel is a published statement that unjustifiably exposes someone to ridicule or contempt. -However there are certain things that the government will hold you libel for. You have the freedom of speech but you have to be held liable for the things that you say. Three elements required for libel: -Defamation Damaging someone's reputation in print -Identification The defamation must be proven -Publication Three defenses against charge of libel: -Prove that the statement is truth -In some contexts, the author has the privilege to make statements of that type *Statements in govt. proceedings or accurate…. Protection of Individuals:- the things that the media has to worry about. You have to be aware of these things because they can do this. You'd recover from these things. Invasion: -Physical trespass into a space surrounding a person's body or onto property under his or her control Embarrassment: -Information is embarrassing and private and a person can expect that it will not be published
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False Light:- this is why we don't really see people's faces. We just see images or body parts. -Untrue statements that alter a person's public image in a way that he or she can't control Appropriation:- Having things that look like a person -Using a person's name or image for commercial purposes without his or her permission *four things the media really has to worry about. First Amendment vs. Sixth Amendment Journalists/Lawyers State v. Sam Sheperd Fell asleep and woke up to find that his wife is dead. He's a doctor but he can't save her. He get's knocked out and the person who killed his wife runs away. He calls his next door neighbor who is the mayor instead of the police. They call the police. The media gets involved and he is sent to jail. After they remove the press from the situation and appeal the case they later can't find him guilty so they free him. Headlines began to pop up when the media found that he had a girlfriend. The question then comes into play should the media come into the case to bring in all the information that is needed to provide a fair case? Evidence V. "A Story":
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This note was uploaded on 09/15/2008 for the course MC 2000 taught by Professor Freeman during the Spring '08 term at LSU.

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Media Law - Development of a Free Press It doesn't just...

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