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Unformatted text preview: 5-4(Key Question) The following are production possibilities tables for China and the United States. Assume that before specialization and trade the optimal product-mix for China is alternative B and for the United States alternative U.ProductChina’s production possibilitiesApparel (in 1000s)Chemicals (in tons)A30B246C1812D1218E624F30ProductU.S. production possibilitiesApparel (in 1000s)Chemicals (in tons)R10S84T68U412V216W20a.Are comparative cost conditions such that the two areas should specialize? If so, what product should each produce?b.What is the total gain in apparel and chemical output that results from this specialization?c.What are the limits of the terms of trade? Suppose actual terms of trade are 1 unit of apparel for 1-1/2 units of chemicals and that 4 units of apparel are exchanged for 6 units of chemicals. What are the gains from specialization and trade for each area?d.Explain why this illustration allows you to conclude that specialization according to comparative advantage results in more efficient use of world resources? comparative advantage results in more efficient use of world resources?...
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This note was uploaded on 09/15/2008 for the course ECON 231 taught by Professor Victovio during the Spring '08 term at Drexel.
- Spring '08