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Theory Review ChartC.ShoemakerTheoreticalFrameworkView of Human NatureKey TheoristsKey TerminologyKey ConceptsStrengths/WeaknessTherapeutic TechniquesPsychodynamic1.PsychoanalysisHe believes that humans are motivated by instincts, which are called drives. People behavior. The behavior toward the satisfaction of hunger, survival and sex is compromised with the Id and psychic energy. The Ego and Superego is the development of a highercognitive processes thatprevent the world to be Chaotic. Fraud thinks that understanding the world is on a person psychological processes, unconscious and conscious which create Psychic reality. Psychic reality is an individual perception ofthe world. Psychoanalysis could have greater understanding of one motivations and operatemore on objective reality. Although, a Sigmund Freudabreaction anal expulsive anal retentive personalityanal stage analytic neutrality anxiety asceticism castrationanxiety catharsis character compensation consciousness countertransfere ncecreating a trusting atmosphere death instinct defense mechanisms denial deterministic displacement dissociation dream analysis drives egoThe key concept is the consciousness and unconsciousness. The consciousness are feelings, thoughts and behavior that people areaware of that motivate the individual. The unconscious is the true motivator that is the underlying desires and wants. The consciousness is represented as the smallportion of self and the unconsciousness is the huge portion that motivate behavior. The unconscious repressed material and memories that will sustain a negative emotional charge and shove out the consciousness to protect the individual. The preconscious, is thememories.Strength are people that have western values and effective when working with individuals who seek such treatment and notin dire straight. Weakness is to determine if a measurechange the unconscious. How cana person measure the unknown?The Therapeutic Techniques that evolved to help the facilitate deeper understanding by clients. Create a trusting atmosphere makes the client feel free to share their thoughts, feeling and behavior that may be shameful. The environment must be safe to encourage revelation. Free association iswhen the client feels “free” toassociate to any thought that edit or suppression of what the client think is irrelevant that can be distressing to talk about publicly. Free association can reveal our true feelings and desire that can occur in a trusting environment. Resistance haveanalysis or prevented the analyst from gaining access to the client unconscious. Client resistance is a sign thatthe client is close to dealing with an unconscious issue.
person satisfying their needs this may lead to narcotic behavior as theindividual continues with urges.