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Part+8+study+questions

Part+8+study+questions - Chapter 52 1 When we ask why a...

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Chapter 52 1) When we ask why a behavior evolved or what its adaptive value is, this is a question of_______ causation. 2) The field of behavioral _______ studies how natural selection shapes behavior. 3) Animals tend to feed on prey that maximize their net energy intake. This is called __________ __________ Theory. 4) Animals that acquire energy efficiently during foraging will increase their fitness by having more energy available for ________________. 5) _________ is any behavior that results from experience rather than maturation. 6) ___________ choice is strongly influenced by the degree of parental investment required and is exhibited by the sex with the higher parental investment 7) Alarm calling seems to be an example of ________ __________, that is, it favors relatives. 8) Animal behavioral researchers have identified some specific _________ that control behavior. A) environments B) instincts C) taxis D) conditions E) genes 9) The type of learning that is involved in predator/prey interactions where an alteration in behavior is a response to a stimulus is called 10) The sleep/activity cycle in humans is an example of 11) All of the following disciplines provide logical and natural linkages to the study of animal behavior except 12) The signal from the environment that triggers an innate behavior is a A) conditioned reflex B) fixed action pattern C) reinforcing stimulus D) releasing mechanism
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E) sign stimulus (key stimulus) 13) In birds, if the offspring require extensive care, usually involving both the male and female, they are called 14) Social insect colonies are composed of highly integrated groups called 15) Foraging bees communicate with other bees in a waggle dance to give information about the food. The important cue in the dance is the 16) The group of reproductive behaviors called reproductive strategy has evolved partly in response to the spatial distribution of A) food resources B) nest sites C) members of the opposite sex D) members of its own colony E) a, b, and c F)
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