Part+8+study+questions - Chapter 52 1) When we ask why a...

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Chapter 52 1) When we ask why a behavior evolved or what its adaptive value is, this is a question of_______ causation. 2) The field of behavioral _______ studies how natural selection shapes behavior. 3) Animals tend to feed on prey that maximize their net energy intake. This is called __________ __________ Theory. 4) Animals that acquire energy efficiently during foraging will increase their fitness by having more energy available for ________________. 5) _________ is any behavior that results from experience rather than maturation. 6) ___________ choice is strongly influenced by the degree of parental investment required and is exhibited by the sex with the higher parental investment 7) Alarm calling seems to be an example of ________ __________, that is, it favors relatives. 8) Animal behavioral researchers have identified some specific _________ that control behavior. A) environments B) instincts C) taxis D) conditions E) genes 9) The type of learning that is involved in predator/prey interactions where an alteration in behavior is a response to a stimulus is called A) instinctive learning B) nonassociative learning C) associative learning D) habituation learning E) cognitive learning 10) The sleep/activity cycle in humans is an example of A) innate rhythm B) transduction rhythm C) circadian rhythm D) behavioral rhythm E) exogenous rhythm 11) All of the following disciplines provide logical and natural linkages to the study of animal behavior except A) genetics B) evolution C) philosophy D) physiology E) ecology 12) The signal from the environment that triggers an innate behavior is a A) conditioned reflex B) fixed action pattern C) reinforcing stimulus D) releasing mechanism
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E) sign stimulus (key stimulus) 13) In birds, if the offspring require extensive care, usually involving both the male and female, they are called A) semelparous species B) altricial species C) precocial species D) iteroparous species E) sympatric species 14) Social insect colonies are composed of highly integrated groups called A) clines B) ecotypes C) castes D) species E) filial relatives 15) Foraging bees communicate with other bees in a waggle dance to give information about the food. The important cue in the dance is the A) angle between the food source and the hive in reference to the sun B) distance of the food source C) amount of the food, flower type, and odor D) a and b E) b and c 16) The group of reproductive behaviors called reproductive strategy has evolved partly in response to the spatial distribution of A) food resources B) nest sites C) members of the opposite sex D) members of its own colony E) a, b, and c F) 17) Selection that favors altruism toward relatives is called A) kin selection B) mate choice C) group selection D) nepotism E) reciprocal altruism 18) Match each of the following. _____A.
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This note was uploaded on 09/16/2008 for the course BIOL 1720 taught by Professor Jagadeeswaran during the Spring '08 term at North Texas.

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Part+8+study+questions - Chapter 52 1) When we ask why a...

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