Into to Career Planning

Into to Career Planning - CHAPTER 1 Introduction to Career...

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Unformatted text preview: CHAPTER 1 Introduction to Career Planning Notions of a "Career" An Expectation Since Birth External Ques (e.g., society) Ques from Family and Friends You will be encouraged to rethink the notion of a career and your decision making process. 16 Quote "Consult not your fears but your hopes and your dreams. Think not about your frustrations, but about your unfulfilled potential. Concern yourself not with what you tried and failed in, but with what it is still possible for you to do." do." Pope John XXIII Historical Review Emergence of "Career" Industrial Revolution American Ideal & Immigration Hazards of Early Work Environments 16 Vocational Guidance Frank Parsons' Vocations Bureau Parsons' 3-step Process Self-assessment (VIS ! ! !) Study of Options (schools/training) Careful Reasoning (informed choice) Lifelong Process (options; life roles) Process of Deciding How One Wants to Live Life roles include worker, parent, citizen, etc. Career Planning Today Rapid Change Nature of Work Today Workers Viewed as a Commodity Work Options Diversity, Gender, & Family Career Materials & Resources 16 Why are career problems important? Impact of Full Employment on the "Health" of the Nation (e.g., Iraq) Relationship Between Unemployment and Social and Physical Problems Impact of Organizational Failures Careerquakes; Careerquakes; Numbers Impacted Key Definitions Career Development: the total constellation of economic, sociological, psychological, educational, physical, and chance factors that contribute to shape one's career. 16 Key Definitions Career: Time extended working out of a purposeful life pattern through work undertaken by a person. Key Definitions Work: an activity that produces something of value for oneself and/or others. Examples of work: wage, fee, home, gift, learning. 16 Career Don't "find a career that's right for you." Rather "develop one that is right for you." This puts the focus on the individual which is empowering for some and overwhelming for others. Career vs. Occupation/Job/Position Career: Defined in terms of people...unique to each individual Occupation/Job/Position: exist in organizations..separate from what an individual brings to them. 16 Roe's Formula Gender State of the Economy Family Background Ethnicity Chance Friends, Peers Marital Situation Gen. Learning/education Special Acquired Skills Physical Characteristics Cognitive/Natural Abilities Temperament /personality Interests/values Complex ! ! Career Theories Why Learn About Various Career Theories? How Can They Help Us? Personal Career Theory (Holland) 16 Structured Theories View career problems and decisions as a point-in-time event....focus on what to choose...matching to an environment. Structured Theorists Frank Parsons Each Choice Separate/independent Good Info: Self and Occupation Careful use of Reason & Logic Good Self Assessment is Essential 16 Structured Theorists Anne Roe Does Career Satisfy Needs (emotional) Identify All Potential Factors Categorizing Occupations (Interests) Trait Factor Theories (yours vs. parents) Structured Theorists John Holland Typological Theory About Personality Applicable to Many Environments: Social, Organizational, Schools, Interpersonal Relationships. 16 Process Theories of Career Choice Process Theories: View career problems and decisions as a lifelong, developmental process of events/choices that become more complex as one grows older. Age, Learning, Maturity, Personality Process versus Outcomes Process Theorists Donald Super Choices Based on "Self-concept" "SelfIndividuals seek to implement selfselfconcept through occupation. Personality + Occupation = Career Life/career Rainbow (Figure 1.1) 16 Process Theorists John Krumboltz Learning About One's Self Affected by + and Experiences Role Models Help Us Learn Personal Beliefs and Expectations Process Theorists David & Anna Tiedman Ship as a Metaphor for Career Choice No Horizon to Guide the Process Compass, Charts, Currents Introduced a Model of "Deciding" Anticipation: Primarily in the Mind Implementation: Behavioral Actions 16 Cognitive Information Processing Based on How We Think & Feel ProblemProblem-solving Activity Based on What We Know Based on How We Think About That Knowledge Cognitive Information Processing Requires Memory and Motivation Career Development Involves Lifelong Learning and Growth Quality of Our "Career" Depends on How Well We Learn to Make Career Decisions and Solve Problems 16 Nature of Career Problems Involves a Gap (exists vs. want) Complex...Involves Feelings Multiple Options, Not a Single Correct Choice Uncertainty About the Outcome Decisions Create New Problems Information Processing Pyramid EXECUTIVE PROCESSING DOMAIN DECISIONMAKING SKILLS DOMAIN KNOWLEDGE DOMAIN METACOG. CASVE SELF OCCUPATIONAL Strengths vs. Weaknesses 16 CASVE Cycle of Information Processing Skills Communication Identifying a gap Execution Taking action to narrow the gap Analysis Thinking about alternatives Valuing Prioritizing alternatives Synthesis Creating likely alternatives Summary Career vs. Job/Position Importance of Career Decisions Theories of Career Choice & Development (structured, process) CIP and CASVE 16 Autobiography Data for Decisions & Interviews Your Background and Its Influence Family Experience Educational Experiences "Work" Experience Current Life and Career Goals CHAPTER 1 Introduction to Career Planning 16 ...
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This note was uploaded on 09/16/2008 for the course GEB 3035 taught by Professor Ray during the Fall '06 term at University of Florida.

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