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Final Outline - 1 Some political scientists believe that...

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1) Some political scientists believe that formal institutional arrangements (such as, for example, federalism, presidential versus parliamentary systems or electoral rules) determine whether the state looks out for the interests of all of its citizens. Others argue that to understand why some states are attentive to the interests of all their citizens, we must instead examine factors such the extent of social capital or the relative sway of patron-client relationships. Which argument do you believe is more convincing and why? Discuss, drawing upon the cases of Mexico, the United Kingdom, and Nigeria. -Institutional arrangements are the main that determines whether the state looks out for the interests of all its citizens, but the extent of social capital and the patron-client relationships also help. The institutional arrangements, however, are country specific. One arrangement that works well in one state may not work well at all in another. 1) Federalism is the way to go. According to Bermeo federalization may satisfy regional elites who threaten secession. An example can be found in Nigeria. Concessions to the people of the Niger Delta ended Nigeria’s first violent secessionist campaign in 1966 and even brought former separatists to the side of the central government in later struggles.
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