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SYNTAX (Sentence Structures, Phrasing)On the AP English Language & Comp exam you will need to be able to recognizeelements of an author’s syntax (for the multiple choice section), or you might want toanalyze sentence structures if they contribute to the rhetorical purpose of the piece.SYNTAXmeans the ordering of words into sentences.Every language has its ownsyntax.In English, for example, the usual grammatical order of a declarative sentence isSUBJECT (+ MODIFIERS) + PREDICATE (+ MODIFIERS).(e.g., The young womanwent to the library.)Questions usually invert this order. (e.g., Are you going to thelibrary?) Adjectives, for the most part in English, precede nouns (e.g., The youngwoman).French and Spanish, on the other hand, reverse this order; i.e., most adjectivesfollow nouns.When you analyze a writer’s syntax, you might look for (and AP may question youabout) the following concepts (from easiest to most difficult)1.Sentence length:!Are the sentences long or short?
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English,Notes,AP English Language,Writer,sentence length,analyze sentence structures