Introduction to Anthropology

Introduction to Anthropology - Introduction to Anthropology...

Info iconThis preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: Introduction to Anthropology Anthropology *"the study of human beings" *Anthropos = human *Logos = the study of *Ties to the Humanities but is a Science Scientific method *Observations *Formulating hypotheses *Testing hypotheses *Tentative explanation of the relation between certain phenomena *Theory = validated hypothesis or set of hypotheses Scientific Method *Observation *Description *Explanation *Prediction Scientific Method *Relative *Subject to change *Einstein's theories *Science looks for "truth" *Scientific truth called "facts" Four Field Approach *Study of human biology *Physical/Biological Anthropology *Paleoanthropology = study of fossil remains, human evolution *Human variation = study of biology of human populations *Primatology = study of biology and behavior of nonhuman primates *Archaeology *Study of past cultures using artifacts and other material culture *Historic archaeology *Prehistoric archaeology Four Field Approach (con't) *Linguistic anthropology *Structural linguistics *Historical linguistics *Sociolinguistics *Study of language in culture *Ethnology or Sociocultural Anthropology *Study of present day cultures *Economic anthropology *Medical anthropology *Political anthroplogy *Anthropology of religion Ethnology *Approaches *Began as study of nonliterate cultures *Now study people everywhere including our own culture *Ethnography = study of a specific culture *Comparative ethnology = comparison of cultures *Cross-cultural approach Culture *All aspects of human adaption *Set of learned behaviors *Transmitted by nonbiological (nongenetic) means Four Field Approach (con't) *Anthropology is either theoretical or applied *Examples of applied anthropology *Cultural resource management (CRM) (archaeology) *Forensic anthropology (physical anthropology) *Applied ethnology HOLISM *Anthropology is holistic *Unity of human biology and cutlure *Cultural integration Basic Concepts in the Study of Culture *Cultural Relativism *Respective other cultures *Being objective *Keeping an open mind *Regarding other cultures as inferior *Cultural prejudice *Ethnocentism ...
View Full Document

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

Ask a homework question - tutors are online