Unformatted text preview: Introduction to Anthropology
*"the study of human beings"
*Anthropos = human *Logos = the study of *Ties to the Humanities but is a Science Scientific method *Observations *Formulating hypotheses *Testing hypotheses *Tentative explanation of the relation between certain phenomena *Theory = validated hypothesis or set of hypotheses Scientific Method
*Observation *Description *Explanation *Prediction Scientific Method
*Relative *Subject to change
*Einstein's theories *Science looks for "truth" *Scientific truth called "facts" Four Field Approach
*Study of human biology *Physical/Biological Anthropology
*Paleoanthropology = study of fossil remains, human evolution *Human variation = study of biology of human populations *Primatology = study of biology and behavior of nonhuman primates *Archaeology *Study of past cultures using artifacts and other material culture
*Historic archaeology *Prehistoric archaeology Four Field Approach (con't)
*Structural linguistics *Historical linguistics *Sociolinguistics *Study of language in culture *Ethnology or Sociocultural Anthropology
*Study of present day cultures
*Economic anthropology *Medical anthropology *Political anthroplogy *Anthropology of religion Ethnology
*Approaches *Began as study of nonliterate cultures *Now study people everywhere including our own culture *Ethnography = study of a specific culture *Comparative ethnology = comparison of cultures
*Cross-cultural approach Culture *All aspects of human adaption *Set of learned behaviors *Transmitted by nonbiological (nongenetic) means Four Field Approach (con't) *Anthropology is either theoretical or applied *Examples of applied anthropology *Cultural resource management (CRM) (archaeology) *Forensic anthropology (physical anthropology) *Applied ethnology HOLISM *Anthropology is holistic *Unity of human biology and cutlure *Cultural integration Basic Concepts in the Study of Culture
*Respective other cultures *Being objective *Keeping an open mind *Regarding other cultures as inferior *Cultural prejudice *Ethnocentism ...
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