09.10.07 - Lecture 4: September 10, 2007 When machine...

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Unformatted text preview: Lecture 4: September 10, 2007 When machine technology is introduced, goods are made in factories and workers have to learn to work machines o Not good for skilled workers o Employs tens of thousands of unskilled and semi-skilled workers But over time the work of highly skilled workers is undermined and now they have to compete with unskilled workers Organizations separates skilled and unskilled workers o Only works when economy is well o Craft unionism expands as economy expands in the 19 th century o There are were many periods of prosperity but the followed by stagnation o When business expands then craft unionism has possibilities o Because econ is so uneven you know the prospects for the future are not good o When things are bad craft unions disappear In periods of depression new protections arise o Turn to political efforts to make change in your life o Working mans party o Success of political movement is dependent upon having a large base Begin to identify on a class basis not by craft o Political movements werent very successful There was expansion of voting right But it was more to the willingness of the two major parties in order to expand more votes Has many ideals but the gains are very modest The laws that were made were faulty by design 10 hour work day law said to be the max time for labor but it could be changed by a contract between the laborer and employer Contracts more important Two questions: o How do you organize?...
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09.10.07 - Lecture 4: September 10, 2007 When machine...

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