BBH notes - Lecture 1: Fundamentals of BBH 119 environment...

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Lecture 1: Fundamentals of BBH 119 January 15, 2008 Behavior -def. The response of an individual or group to its environment or within context of its environment -can be conscious or unconscious, voluntary or involuntary (i.e. increase in heart rate, way we react, etc.) -influenced by genetics, culture, attitudes, emotions, values, ethics, etc. A Few Things We Think We Know… -no direct link between physical environment and behavior: the environment does not determine behavior. Brain processes are a mediating factor; there are others -i.e. cut fingers does not hurt until someone points it out to us) -built environment does affect the way people see themselves, their world, and how they relate to others -i.e. pink walls in football locker rooms -environmental cues enable people to make choices about their behavior -environmental press can lead to negative psychological and physiological effects Types of Behavior 1. Motor 2. Eating/Drinking 3. Sleeping 4. Language 5. Emotional 6. Sexual Dualism and Monism - Dualism --def. The mind exists independently of the brain, the two are of different substances (i.e. brain=physical, mind=metaphysical) - Monism --def. The mind and brain are two ways of talking about the same things. In theory, all mental experiences and behaviors can be explained in terms of physical processes in the brain/body. Health --def. A state of complete physical, mental, and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease and infirmity. Potential issues? -very local, based around community, cultural issues, what is social well-being? Disease A disease is: -an interconnected set of one or more dysfunctions in one or more body systems including: -a pattern of signs, symptoms, and findings -a pattern or patterns of development over time (course and outcome) -a common underlying causal mechanism (etiology) -linking to underlying genetic factors and to interacting environmental factors -possibly: to a pattern or patterns of response to interventions (treatment response)
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Causes of Death, U.S. (generally adults) Among all Americans: 1. Heart Disease 2. Cancer 3. Stroke 4. Lower Respiratory Diseases 5. Accidents 6. Diabetes 7. Alzheimer’s 8. Influenza/pneumonia 9. Kidney Disease 10. Septicemia Causes of Infant Mortality (2004) -congenital malformations, deformations, and chromosomal abnormalities (congenital malformations) -disorders related to short gestation and low birth weight not elsewhere classified (low birth weight) -sudden infant death syndrome Behavior and Health -Health affects behavior Ex. Sick = decreased activity -Behavior affects health Ex. Smoking Lecture 3: January 22, 2008 Include a variety of fruits and vegetables -Buy wisely: -frozen/canned may be the best buy, still rich in nutrients -If very ripe, use right away. -Storage
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BBH notes - Lecture 1: Fundamentals of BBH 119 environment...

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