Study Sheet - Socialist Revolutionaries (SRs) - 20C /...

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Socialist Revolutionaries (SRs) - 20C / Russian Rev : Russian political party active in the early 20th century, during the era of the Russian Revolution - socialist : believed that the Peasants were the power base for revolution in Russia, but - not Marxist because: Mensheviks and Bolsheviks who believed the Proletariat was the power, as predicted by Marx's communist manifesto - land and terrorism : wanted all land to be confiscated and redistributed amongst the peasants and believed in the use of terrorism to achieve its aims Mensheviks - 1898 : Social Democratic Labor Party (1898) The Mensheviks, the Bolsheviks. - Marxists : proletariat was the power base for revolution - Lenin and civil war : means minority-class, white army - communism : by reform and democracy, working class gain power by organizing parties - 1905 Rev : with failure of this revolution some left the party and some joined Bolsheviks Soviets - Rev 1905 : originally factory workers and soldiers -composed of the Mensheviks and Bolsheviks - Peace! Land! Bread! All Power to the Soviets! By Lenin Alexander Kerensky - 1917 : rise of Bolsheviks led by Lenin - SR : believes in democracy and freedom - beliefs : tries to say peace is coming, negotiate with the allies, rely on army bureaucracy Leon Trotsky - 19C/20C reorganizes the red army -“ Permanent revolution ”: Russia needed to become military and economic power in and of itself, revolutions to break out in Europe. International needed for the national. - red army head of army, hated within party, strong fighter that helped win civil war -Lenin’s foot steps when getting sick, Stalin took over because hated War Communism -1818-1821 with civil war - militarization of society as a whole : providing food and weapons to red army and towns, demand of agriculture and from peasants on countryside, naturalization of the industries, - effects : strikers could be shot, famine from droughts and diseases Frederich Ebert - Nov 1918 known for Ebert-Groener Pact, Nov 1918 -Chancellor of Germany - relation to Russia : trying to handle a situation where he had entirely lost power and the workers were on the streets demanding a workers revolution, similar to what had just happened in Russia - pact : push towards a real revolutionary outcome, he asks army to help defeat communist in exchange he wont eliminate the military Spartacist uprising - Jan 1919 : in Germany - revolution : workers formed barricades in streets of Berlin, to overthrow the government - leaders : Rosa Luxemburg and Karl Liebnecht, killed in police custody - ending : army aided by Freikorps = killed all in uprising even when wanted to surrender Freikorps - 1918/ 19: formed by Ebert-Groener Pact - a paramilitary group consisting of former servicemen -organized by left wings, terrorized Germany, caused many deaths -Nazi symbol, but Nazism hasn’t been invented yet
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Bela Kun - 1919 establishes Soviet Republic - Austria-Hungary loses: in control of many nationalities, panic spread - tristania gain back through Romania to get to Russia
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This note was uploaded on 09/17/2008 for the course HIST 318 taught by Professor Andrew during the Fall '08 term at University of Michigan.

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Study Sheet - Socialist Revolutionaries (SRs) - 20C /...

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