Sociology Exam 2 Study Guide

Sociology Exam 2 Study Guide - Sociology Exam 2 Study Guide...

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Sociology Exam 2 Study Guide Immigration/ Population 1. There are an estimated 350,000 – 500,000 illegal aliens that settle in the US each year. 2. Of the foreign born residents a. 30% (11.1 million) unauthorized b. 39% (14.4 million) legal c. 31% (11.5 million) naturalized citizens 3. Immigration contributed 1/3 to ½ of the total population increase between 1990 and 2000 4. Immigrants are highly concentrated in four states a. 60% live in California, New York, Florida, and Texas Cost of Immigration 1. Those with a high school education cost $31,000 over a lifetime 2. Those with more than a high school education provide a gain to the US of $105,000 over their lifetime. Who Moves More? 1. Young Adults 2. Married People 3. Presence of children slows moving down 4. American’s most highly mobile people in the world 5. More highly educated Gallup Survey; Nationwide Sample of Foreign Born Adults Most important reasons for coming to the US 1. Better job (26%) 2. Be with family (23%) 3. School (19%) 4. Political Freedom (13%)
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5. Marriage (3%) 6. Religious Freedom (2%) Most Popular Forms of Birth Control Worldwide 1. Surgical sterilization (China) 2. Intra-uterine devices 3. Oral Contraceptives 4. Condoms 5. Withdrawal 6. Abstinence Other Population Points 1. Pronatalism- things countries do to increase their fertility rates 2. Family and Medical Leave Act in the US 3. Some countries attempt to decrease their fertility rate (China 1978) a. In the 1970s began work to decrease fertility rate due to predicted food shortage b. Fertility declined until 1984 c. Fertility rate rose from an average of 2.2 lifetime children per women to 2.6
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This note was uploaded on 03/18/2008 for the course SOC 001 taught by Professor Sturm,robertarth during the Spring '08 term at Penn State.

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Sociology Exam 2 Study Guide - Sociology Exam 2 Study Guide...

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