TABLE 7.2: SEVERAL WAYS TO TEST MEMORY
You are asked to say what you remember.
Name the 7 Dwarfs.
You are given hints to help you
Name the 7 Dwarfs. Hint: one was always smiling,
one was smart, one never talked, one was always
You are asked to choose the correct item
among several items.
Which of the following were among the 7 Dwarfs:
Sneezy, Sleazy, Dopey, Dippy, Hippy, Happy?
You are asked to relearn something. If it
takes less time now than when you first
learned it, the there is memory.
Try memorizing this list:
Sleepy, Sneezy, Doc, Dopey, Grumpy, Happy
Can you memorize it faster than this list:
Sleazy, Snoopey, Duke, Dippy, Gripey, Hippy?
You are asked to generate words, without
necessarily regarding them as memories.
You hear the story “Snow White and the 7 Dwarfs.”
Later you are asked to fill in the blanks:
_ L _ _ P _ , _ N _ _ Z _ , _ _ C , _ R _ _ P _ , etc.
- memories of motor skills
- memories we can readily state in words
Difference between the two:
• ex: you know how to type but do you know which key is to the right of C or left of P?
The Information-Processing View of Memory
René Descartes - compared animal behavior to a hydraulic pump
- information that enters the system is processed, coded, and stored
- momentary storage of sensory information
- iconic: visual, seeing something with sequence
- echoic: auditory, if there’s a reason (hearing your name)
- kinetic: movement of actions (hitting lamppost)
- flashed letters onto a screen