Chapter-11 - A.P. U.S. History Notes Chapter 11: The...

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A.P. U.S. History Notes Chapter 11: “The Triumphs and Travails of Jeffersonian  Democracy” ~ 1800 – 1812 ~ I. Federalist and Republican Mudslingers 1. In the election of 1800, the Federalists had a host of enemies stemming from the Alien and Sedition Acts . 2. The Federalists had been most damaged by John Adams’ not declaring war. a. They had raised a bunch of taxes and built a good navy, and then had not gotten any reason to justify such spending, therefore making themselves seem like cheap, as they had also swelled the public debt. b. John Adams became known as “the Father of the American Navy.” 3. Thus, they also launched attacks on Jefferson, saying that he had robbed a widow and her children of a trust fund, fathered numerous children with his slaves (‘tis true too), calling him an atheist, and using other inflammatory remarks. II. The Jeffersonian “Revolution of 1800” 1. Jefferson won the election of 1800 by a majority of 73 electoral votes to 65, and even though Adams got more popular votes, Jefferson got New York, but even though he triumphed, but a technicality, he and Aaron Burr tied for presidency. a. The vote, according to the Constitution, would now go to the Federalist-dominated House of Representatives. b. Hateful of Jefferson, many wanted to vote for Burr, and the vote was deadlocked for a long time until Hamilton and John Adams persuaded a few House members to change their votes, knowing that if the House voted for Burr, the public outcry would doom the Federalist Party. c. Finally, a few changed their minds, and Jefferson was elected to presidency. 2. The revolution was that there was a peaceful transfer of power; Federalists stepped down from office after Jefferson won and did so peacefully, though not necessarily happily. III. The Federalist Finale 1. It turns out that Adams was the last Federalist president, and the party sank away afterwards. 2. Still, the Federalists had been great diplomats, signing advantageous deals with the European nations, and their conservative views had given the U.S. balance. a. Their only flaw was that they couldn’t yield to the American public, and since they couldn’t adapt and evolve, they died. IV. Responsibility Breeds Moderation 1. On March 4, 1801, Thomas Jefferson was inaugurated president in the new capital of Washington D.C. a. In his address, he declared that all Americans were Federalists, all were Republicans, and all were all, implying that Americans were a mixture, and he also pledged “honest friendship with all nations, entangling alliances with none.” 2. Jefferson was simple and frugal, and did not seat in regard to rank during his dinners; he also was unconventional, wearing sloppy attire, and he started the precedent of sending messages to Congress to be read by a clerk.
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3. There were two Thomas Jeffersons: the scholarly private citizen who philosophized in his study, and the harassed public official who discovered that bookish theories worked out
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This note was uploaded on 09/17/2008 for the course HIST 171 taught by Professor Ss during the Fall '08 term at University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign.

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Chapter-11 - A.P. U.S. History Notes Chapter 11: The...

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