ENGLISH 2201 class notes - ENGLISH 2201 The Middle Ages Old English\/Anglo-Saxon period o Latin and old English 1066 official breaking point between old

ENGLISH 2201 class notes - ENGLISH 2201 The Middle Ages Old...

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ENGLISH 2201 The Middle Ages Old English/Anglo-Saxon period o Latin and old English 1066 official breaking point between old English and middle English conquest period Norman Conquest, Battle of Hastings, William of Normandy spoke French (language of power) Middle English Period o Latin, French, and middle English Pre Conquest England Authors of old English into word play (Riddles & Kennings) o Kennings Language-Bearers (89) “He will come again to this middle-earth” (104) Beowulf- “ring givers” and “peace weavers” “The wanderer”- hardscape (earth-trader) 8/26 Riddles & Kennings Riddle- a form of wordplay o Associative logic Metonymy: Wall Street, the bench (the judge) Synecdoche: wheels- car Metaphor: love=battlefield Logic dictated by culture Kennings- o Compound word phrase “ring-giver” o A substitute label for another simple noun “ring-giver” = “king” o A style of circumlocution or “speaking around” MAKE A KENNING FOR NEXT WEEK. BE SPECIFIC. 8/29 Middle Ages * What languages were spoken and written in the pre conquest period Latin and old English*
Monastic culture o “Rule” (St. Benedict) o Chastity- poverty- obedience Prayer-meditation-labor “Reading and writing “Opus Dei” (Gods Work) o all by hand, done by scribes Lindisfarne (monastery) Lindisfarne Gospels o Ducks o Interlacing changes point of views (ex game of thrones, thrillers) Book of Kills 9 th c o Manuscript Culture Vellum, Parchment- from sheep or cattle “hands” & abbreviations expensive Pre Conquest literature o Latin History Bede, Ecclesiastical History of the English people 731 AD (*Latin) Conversion of England Life on earth is compared to a sparrow?? Whitby Abbey o Abbess Hild- ruled double monastery Theology Moral and religious writings Lives of saints o Old English History Moral and religious writings Poetry o Preserve the earliest known poem in old English “Caedmon’s hymn” o Half line alliteration o “Dream of the Rood” Earliest English example of the “dream vision” Framed narrative Story of the dreamer Story of the cross
Surreal imagery Cinematic imagination Transformations Cross “Warrior”/Christ Dreamer Elegies o “Ubi sunt”. “where are they” o About loss Loss of friends Loss of community Loss of a loved one Loss of a civilization Loss of self o Causes Death Sickness Passage of time War Natural disaster o “The Wanderer” The speaker All his friends are dead, life as he knows it is gone, everyone is gone Reflects on own situation The human condition Ubi Sunt Everything passes away Resolution Personal and real description of loss, speaker is a warrior, only survivor Worldly Spiritual Riddles Narratives about old testament heroes, Christ, apostles, saints o Beowulf (Elegy) Anthology of monsters Epic disappointment?
Iliad Aeneid Nibelungenlied Norse sagas Subjects Gods Men & arms War Dranes Hrothgar Wealhteow Unferth Hrotholf Geats Beowulf & more “In the dark nights” Grendel o Glowing eyes, steely nails, bigger than any man

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