ENGLISH 2201 class notes - ENGLISH 2201 The Middle Ages Old...

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ENGLISH 2201The Middle AgesOld English/Anglo-Saxon periodoLatin and old English1066 official breaking point between old English and middleEnglish conquest periodNorman Conquest, Battle of Hastings, William ofNormandy spoke French (language of power)Middle English PeriodoLatin, French, and middle EnglishPre Conquest EnglandAuthors of old English into word play (Riddles & Kennings)oKenningsLanguage-Bearers (89)“He will come again to this middle-earth” (104)Beowulf- “ring givers” and “peace weavers”“The wanderer”- hardscape (earth-trader)8/26 Riddles & KenningsRiddle- a form of wordplayoAssociative logicMetonymy: Wall Street, the bench (the judge)Synecdoche: wheels- carMetaphor: love=battlefieldLogic dictated by cultureKennings-oCompound word phrase “ring-giver”oA substitute label for another simple noun “ring-giver” = “king”oA style of circumlocution or “speaking around”MAKE A KENNING FOR NEXT WEEK. BE SPECIFIC.8/29 Middle Ages*What languages were spoken and written in the pre conquest period Latinand old English*
Monastic cultureo“Rule” (St. Benedict)oChastity- poverty- obediencePrayer-meditation-labor“Reading and writing “Opus Dei” (Gods Work)oall by hand, done by scribesLindisfarne (monastery)Lindisfarne GospelsoDucksoInterlacing changes point of views (ex game ofthrones, thrillers)Book of Kills 9thcoManuscript CultureVellum, Parchment- from sheep or cattle“hands” & abbreviationsexpensivePre Conquest literatureoLatinHistoryBede, Ecclesiastical History of the English people 731AD (*Latin)Conversion of EnglandLife on earth is compared to a sparrow??Whitby AbbeyoAbbess Hild- ruled double monasteryTheologyMoral and religious writingsLives of saintsoOld EnglishHistoryMoral and religious writingsPoetryoPreserve the earliest known poem in old English“Caedmon’s hymn”oHalf line alliterationo“Dream of the Rood”Earliest English example of the “dreamvision”Framed narrativeStory of the dreamerStory of the cross
Surreal imageryCinematic imaginationTransformationsCross“Warrior”/ChristDreamerElegieso“Ubi sunt”. “where are they”oAbout lossLoss of friendsLoss of communityLoss of a loved oneLoss of a civilizationLoss of selfoCausesDeathSicknessPassage of timeWarNatural disastero“The Wanderer”The speakerAll his friends are dead, life as heknows it is gone, everyone is goneReflects on own situationThe human conditionUbi SuntEverything passes awayResolutionPersonal and real description ofloss, speaker is a warrior, onlysurvivorWorldlySpiritualRiddlesNarratives about old testament heroes, Christ, apostles,saintsoBeowulf (Elegy)Anthology of monstersEpic disappointment?
IliadAeneidNibelungenliedNorse sagasSubjectsGodsMen & armsWarDranesHrothgarWealhteowUnferthHrotholfGeatsBeowulf & more“In the dark nights”GrendeloGlowing eyes, steely nails,bigger than any man

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